, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 4859–4870 | Cite as

A simple method of fabricating nickel-coated cotton fabrics for wearable strain sensor

  • Chuanjie Zhang
  • Guangsheng Zhou
  • Weida Rao
  • Lingling Fan
  • Weilin Xu
  • Jie Xu
Original Paper


Conductive fabrics have achieved significant attention in the field of wearable electronics. Herein, a novel and simple method was developed to fabricate nickel-coated cotton fabrics. Triazine groups were bonded onto the cotton fabrics through treating by cyanuric chloride solution to absorb silver ions and to form a catalytical layer on the fabrics, which could successfully initiate the subsequent electroless deposition (ELD) of nickel (Ni). The cyanuric chloride concentration and ELD time were optimized. Compared to conventional methods, superior conductivity as well as good adhesion was obtained because of the stable affinity of triazine groups to metals. The surface conductivity of the as-prepared Ni-coated fabrics was as high as 21.82 S cm−1. The strain sensing properties of the Ni-coated fabrics were studied, demonstrating high sensitivity and rapid response. These attractive properties of the Ni-coated cotton fabrics suggest that the proposed method is expected to be used in the fabrication of wearable strain sensors.

Graphical Abstract


Cotton fabrics Electroless nickel deposition Surface conductivity Wearable strain sensor 



This work was supported by the Scientific Innovation Team Project of the Education Department of Hubei Province (No. T201507), Wuhan Science and Technology Bureau (No. 2016010101010016), the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51703170) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0101102).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuanjie Zhang
    • 1
  • Guangsheng Zhou
    • 2
  • Weida Rao
    • 2
  • Lingling Fan
    • 3
  • Weilin Xu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jie Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Hubei Key Laboratory of Biomass Fibers and Eco-Dyeing and Finishing, State Key Laboratory for Hubei New Textile Materials and Advanced Processing TechnologyWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.College of Textile Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina

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