A simple method of fabricating nickel-coated cotton fabrics for wearable strain sensor
Conductive fabrics have achieved significant attention in the field of wearable electronics. Herein, a novel and simple method was developed to fabricate nickel-coated cotton fabrics. Triazine groups were bonded onto the cotton fabrics through treating by cyanuric chloride solution to absorb silver ions and to form a catalytical layer on the fabrics, which could successfully initiate the subsequent electroless deposition (ELD) of nickel (Ni). The cyanuric chloride concentration and ELD time were optimized. Compared to conventional methods, superior conductivity as well as good adhesion was obtained because of the stable affinity of triazine groups to metals. The surface conductivity of the as-prepared Ni-coated fabrics was as high as 21.82 S cm−1. The strain sensing properties of the Ni-coated fabrics were studied, demonstrating high sensitivity and rapid response. These attractive properties of the Ni-coated cotton fabrics suggest that the proposed method is expected to be used in the fabrication of wearable strain sensors.
KeywordsCotton fabrics Electroless nickel deposition Surface conductivity Wearable strain sensor
This work was supported by the Scientific Innovation Team Project of the Education Department of Hubei Province (No. T201507), Wuhan Science and Technology Bureau (No. 2016010101010016), the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51703170) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0101102).
- Guo R, Yu Y, Xie Z, Liu X, Zhou X, Gao Y, Liu Z, Zhou F, Yang Y, Zheng Z (2014) Matrix-assisted catalytic printing for the fabrication of multiscale, flexible, foldable, and stretchable metal conductors. Adv Mater 26:3343–3350Google Scholar
- Liu Q, Zhou Z, Xia M, Tao Y, Liu K, Wang D (2014) A specially structured conductive nickel-deposited poly(ethylene terephthalate) nonwoven membrane intertwined with microbial pili-like poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) nanofibers and its application as an alcohol sensor. RSC Adv 4:40788–40793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Xie Z, Yu G (2014) Effects of plating time on the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of electroless plating bath and roughness of coatings. Mater Rev 28:446–449Google Scholar