Facile synthesis of flexible electrode based on cotton/polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite for supercapacitors
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Flexible electrodes made of cotton textile, polypyrrole (PPy) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) composites were synthesized via a facile in situ chemical deposition method. This method involves a series of successive steps by immersing the cotton fabric in various MWCNT suspensions; adding monomers and p-toluene sulfonic acid (TsOH) as dopant under ultrasonic condition; and then initiating the polymerization by drop-in the oxidant. The fabricated electrodes exhibited a specific capacitance of 597 F g−1 with good cycle stability (maintaining 96.8% after 1000 cycles). Symmetric all-solid-state supercapacitors based on cotton/PPy/MWCNT electrodes and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/H3PO4 gel electrolytes were fabricated and tested. The electrochemical measurements showed that assembled supercapacitors had a specific capacitance of 206.8 F g−1 at a current density of 1 mA cm−2. The supercapacitors were flexible enough to bend and twist with constant capacitance performance and exhibit 72% capacitance retention after 400 charge–discharge cycles.
KeywordsFlexible electrodes Polypyrrole Cotton/PPy/MWCNT Chemical polymerazation Flexible supercapacitors
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51303022) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2232015D3-17).
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