, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 3927–3939 | Cite as

Cationic cellulose nanocrystals (CCNCs) and chitosan nanocomposite films filled with CCNCs for removal of reactive dyes from aqueous solutions

  • Xiuzhi Tian
  • Feng Hua
  • Chaoqian Lou
  • Xue Jiang
Original Paper


Cationic cellulose nanocrystals (CCNCs) with more cationic groups were yielded when dialdehyde cellulose nanocrystals with more aldehyde groups were reacted with (2-hydrazinyl-2-oxoethyl)-trimethylazanium chloride (GT reagent), keeping the other conditions constant. CCNCs were proved to possess high adsorption capacity toward reactive blue 19 (RB 19). To make nanocrystals more easily separated from aqueous solutions at the end of dye adsorption and simultaneously improve the acid resistance of chitosan (CTS), CCNC3 with 1.914 mmol g−1 of nitrogen was filled into CTS to fabricate the nanocomposite films by solution casting technique. Equilibrium and dynamic studies indicated that both the filler of CCNC3 and the matrix of CTS in the nanocomposite films made a synergistic contribution to dye removal. The nanocomposite film with the CCNC3/CTS weight ratio of 12/100 got the dye adsorption capacity of 900 mg g−1 at the adsorbent dosage of 100 mg L−1, 25 °C and pH 3 of RB 19 solution.

Graphical Abstract


Cationic Cellulose nanocrystals Chitosan Nanocomposite film Dye adsorption 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31570578) and State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (No. 201772).


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Textiles & Clothing, Key Laboratory of Eco-Textile, Ministry of EducationJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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