, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 2659–2665 | Cite as

A novel patterning method for three-dimensional paper-based devices by using inkjet-printed water mask

  • Krirktakul Punpattanakul
  • Sattawat Kraduangdej
  • Netchanok Jiranusornkul
  • Muthita Chiaranairungroj
  • Alongkorn Pimpin
  • Tanapat Palaga
  • Werayut Srituravanich
Original Paper


Paper-based devices are continuing to grow rapidly. However, conventional paper patterning methods are mostly restricted to the fabrication of two-dimensional (2D) patterns. Here, we present a novel patterning method for the fabrication of 2D and 3D paper-based devices. For the first time, a 3D fluidic channel network with multiple crossings of fluidic channels is successfully fabricated on a layer of paper without sophisticated procedures. The proposed method utilizes a commercially available inkjet printer to print water pattern as a protective mask onto both sides of a paper substrate and followed by soaking the sample into a non-polar solution which contains a hydrophobic substance to form hydrophobic barriers on the paper substrate. The printed water mask helps preventing the adsorption of the non-polar solution into the printed water area resulting in the formation of hydrophobic and hydrophilic areas. This opens up a new route towards the development of 2D and 3D paper-based devices using low-cost equipment and a variety of materials.


Paper-based devices Patterning Three dimensional Inkjet printing 



This research was supported by Chulalongkorn University through Chulalongkorn Academic Advancement into Its 2nd Century Project (Smart Medical Device).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krirktakul Punpattanakul
    • 1
  • Sattawat Kraduangdej
    • 1
  • Netchanok Jiranusornkul
    • 1
  • Muthita Chiaranairungroj
    • 2
  • Alongkorn Pimpin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tanapat Palaga
    • 3
  • Werayut Srituravanich
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Biomedical Engineering Program, Faculty of EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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