Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 2733–2743 | Cite as

Thermal stress induction for improving the absorption of raw cotton fabric and its effect on the morphology of in situ synthesized Cu nano particles

Original Paper
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Chemical processes for improving cotton fabric absorption, such as scouring, are costly and not environmentally friendly. This study introduced a novel and eco-friendly method based on thermal shock for this purpose. Greige cotton fabric samples underwent different thermal shock sequences with dry ice and boiling and cooling water. The samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, methylene blue number and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller absorption isotherm were used for specific surface area measurement. A constant-rate-of-extension type tensile testing machine was also used to determine the tensile mechanical properties of the fabrics, and the effect of thermal shock on moisture regain, water absorption time, and amount of wax removal were investigated. Finally, nanoparticles of copper (Cu) were synthesized in situ on both the thermally shocked and greige fabric samples, and the absorption and particle size were compared. The thermally shocked samples showed longitudinal micro cracks, their water absorbency time decreased and their moisture regain increased (up to 14%). After treatment, no significant shrinkage or strength loss was detected. Synthesized Cu nanoparticles without the presence of cotton substrate showed a mean size larger than 825 nm, but particle sizes decreased to 297 and 69 nm in the presence of the greige and the DiH8 cotton fabric samples, respectively. The morphology of Cu nano particles altered from octahedral to spherical and was more homogeneously distributed for thermally shocked sample.

Keywords

Thermal shock Scouring Dry ice Greige cotton Copper nanoparticles 

References

  1. AATCC Test Method 79-2014, Absorbency of textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, Research Triangle Park, NC, USAGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahire JJ, Hattingh M, Neveling DP, Dicks LM (2016) Copper-containing anti-biofilm nanofiber scaffolds as a wound dressing material. PLoS ONE 11:e0152755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad S, Ahmad F, Afzal A, Rasheed A, Mohsin M, Ahmad N (2015) Effect of weave structure on thermo-physiological properties of cotton fabrics. AUTEX Res J 16:30–34Google Scholar
  4. Ammayappan L, Jose S, Arputha Raj A (2016) Sustainable production processes in textile dyeing. In: Muthu S, Gardetti M (eds) Green fashion. Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  5. ASTM D1388-14e1 (2014) Standard test method for stiffness of fabrics. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. http://www.astm.org/ Google Scholar
  6. ASTM D2495-01 (2001) Standard test method for moisture in cotton by oven-drying. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. http://www.astm.org/ Google Scholar
  7. ASTM D5034-09 (2017) Standard test method for breaking strength and elongation of textile fabrics (Grab Test). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. http://www.astm.org/ Google Scholar
  8. Biryukova MI, Yurkov GY, Syrbu SA, Taratanov NA (2014) Synthesis and structure of copper nanoparticles and their antiinfection properties. Inorg Mater Appl Res 5:54–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. BSI BS4931 (1986) Methods for preparation, marking and measuring of textile fabrics, garments and fabric assemblies in tests for assessing dimensional changeGoogle Scholar
  10. Chung T (1988) General continuum mechanics. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. Chung C, Lee M, Choe EK (2004) Characterization of cotton fabric scouring by FT-IR ATR spectroscopy. Carbohydr Polym 58:417–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cui XL, Price JB, Calamari TA, Hemstreet JM, Meredith W (2002) Cotton wax and its relationship with fiber and yarn properties part I: wax content and fiber properties. Text Res J 72:399–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Das B, Das A, Kothari V, Fanguiero R, Araujo MD (2007) Moisture transmission through textiles part II: evaluation methods and mathematical modelling. AUTEX Res J 7:100–110Google Scholar
  14. Das B, Das A, Kothari V, Fanguiero R, Araujo MD (2009) Moisture flow through blended fabrics-effect of hydrophilicity. J Eng Fiber Fabr 4:20–28Google Scholar
  15. El Messiry M, El Ouffy A, Issa M (2015) Microcellulose particles for surface modification to enhance moisture management properties of polyester, and polyester/cotton blend fabrics. Alex Eng J 54(2):127–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. El Shafie A, Fouda MM, Hashem M (2009) One-step process for bio-scouring and peracetic acid bleaching of cotton fabric. Carbohydr Polym 78:302–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elbing F, Anagreh N, Dorn L, Uhlmann E (2003) Dry ice blasting as pretreatment of aluminum surfaces to improve the adhesive strength of aluminum bonding joints. Int J Adhes Adhes 23(1):69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Farrell MJ, De Boskey MJ, Ankeny MA (2016) Improving the wettability of enzyme-bleached cotton fabric with inclusion of sodium surfactin. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4:1569–1572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Forziati FH, Brownell RM, Hunt CM (1953) Surface areas of cottons and modified cottons before and after swelling as determined by nitrogen sorption. J Res Natl Bur Stand 50(3):139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. French AD (2014) Idealized powder diffraction patterns for cellulose polymorphs. Cellulose 21:885–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gabreila SS, Daniela FR, Helia BT (2016) Copper nanoparticles as potential agent in disinfecting root canals: a systematic review. Int J Odontostomat 10(547–554):2016Google Scholar
  22. Haggy K, Elshhemy NS, Nasef NA (2012) Enhancement of cotton and cotton/wool blend dyeability by microwave heating. Res J Text Appar 16:34–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hartzell MM, Hsieh YL (1998) Enzymatic scouring to improve cotton fabric wettability. Text Res J 68:233–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hearle JW, Morton WE (2008) Physical properties of textile fibres. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  25. Hotaling NA, Bharti K, Kriel H, Simon CG (2015) DiameterJ: a validated open source nanofiber diameter measurement tool. Biomaterials 61:327–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kaewprasit C et al (1998) Quality measurements. J Cotton Sci 2:164–173Google Scholar
  27. Karthik P, Arunkumar HR, Sugumar S (2012) Moisture management study on inner and outer layer blended fleece fabric. Int J Eng Res Technol 7:1–13Google Scholar
  28. Khajavi R, Berendjchi A, Moghaddam MB, Akhani M (2015) Ultrasound-assisted mercerizing process of cotton fabric: a numerical model based on response surface methodology (RSM). Fiber Polym 16:1281–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Khanna PK, Gaikwad S, Adhyapak PV, Singh N, Marimuthu R (2007) Synthesis and characterization of copper nanoparticles. Mater Lett 61:4711–4714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Li Y (2001) The science of clothing comfort. Text Pro 31:1–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Park JY, Hwang KJ, Kim T, Jin S, Kim N, Lee IH (2014) Preparation and characterization of hollow CeO2 structures using kapok fibers as biomass template. Mater Lett 128:340–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pisuntornsug C, Yanumet N, O’Rear EA (2002) Surface modification to improve dyeing of cotton fabric with a cationic dye. Color Technol 118:64–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Segal L, Creely JJ, Martin AE, Conrad CM (1959) An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the X-ray diffractometer. Text Res J 29:786–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shahidi S, Wiener J, Ghoranneviss M (2013) Surface modification methods for improving the dyeability of textile fabrics. In: Günay M (ed) Eco-friendly textile dyeing and finishing. InTech, RijekaGoogle Scholar
  35. Tang KPM, Kan CH, Fan JT (2014) Evaluation of water absorption and transport property of fabric. Text Prog 46:1–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang CX, Liu Y, Xu HL, Ren Y, Qiu YP (2008) Influence of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment time on penetration depth of surface modification into fabric. Appl Surf Sci 254:2499–2505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Xu B, Huang Y (2004) Image analysis for cotton fibers part II: cross-sectional measurements. Text Res J 74:409–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yachmenev VG, Bertoniere NR, Blanchard EJ (2002) Intensification of the bio-processing of cotton textiles by combined enzyme/ultrasound treatment. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 77:559–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yachmenev VG, Blanchard EJ, Lambert AH (2004) Use of ultrasonic energy for intensification of the bio-preparation of greige cotton. Ultrasonics 42:87–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ziman J (1967) The thermal properties of materials. Sci Am 217(3):180–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Textile Department, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Polymer and Textile Department, Tehran South BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations