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Functionalized magnesium hydroxide fluids/acrylate-coated hybrid cotton fabric with enhanced mechanical, flame retardant and shape-memory properties

Abstract

Functionalized magnesium hydroxide fluids (MHFs) with both grafting reactive acrylate groups and organic long chain ion are successfully fabricated and then incorporated in poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) to produce flexible MHFs/PPEGDA coated hybrid cotton fabric via UV photo-polymerization. The morphology, composition, transparency, rheological behavior, mechanical and flame retardant properties of MHFs/PPEGDA coating are systematically characterized by various techniques. It is found that tensile strength and young’s modulus of MHFs/PPEGDA/cotton composite are as high as 46 and 556 MPa at MHFs loading amount of 40 wt%, respectively, an enhancement of 58.6 and 66.4% in comparison with PPEGDA/cotton composite. What’s more, the addition of MHFs not only reduces the surface energy of PEGDA to improve its film-forming property during polymerization process, but also maintains high transparency over 90%. Besides the above mentioned advantages, MHFs/PPEGDA coating as thermal induced shape memory material could be fixed their shape at − 4 °C and rapidly recover their original shape at 60 °C, which is related to the melting transition temperature of MHFs. More importantly, with the synergistic effect of magnesium hydroxide and surface grafted organic long chain ion molecules, the flame retardant property of MHFs/PPEGDA/cotton is also significantly improved. These functionalized organic/inorganic fluids provide a simple approach to fabricate high performance cellulose fabrics with tunable properties in the textile industry.

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Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51403165, 51403113). The Open Project Program of High-Tech Organic Fibers Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province (PLN2016-02) and Guidance Project of China Textile Industry Association (2015017) and Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scientists of Shandong Province (BS2014CL007), Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China and Shandong Province (2016T90610, 2015M571994 and 201501007), and Project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program (J14LA19).

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Correspondence to Xianze Yin.

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Weng, P., Yin, X., Yang, S. et al. Functionalized magnesium hydroxide fluids/acrylate-coated hybrid cotton fabric with enhanced mechanical, flame retardant and shape-memory properties. Cellulose 25, 1425–1436 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-017-1611-4

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Keywords

  • Magnesium hydroxide
  • Fluids
  • Coating
  • Cotton fabric
  • Acrylate