, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 697–709 | Cite as

Influence of hemicelluloses and lignin content on structure and sorption properties of flax fibers (Linum usitatissimum L.)

  • Biljana D. Lazić
  • Biljana M. Pejić
  • Ana D. Kramar
  • Marija M. Vukčević
  • Katarina R. Mihajlovski
  • Jelena D. Rusmirović
  • Mirjana M. Kostić
Original Paper


In this work, alkali and oxidative treatments were employed to obtain flax fibers with different content of hemicelluloses and lignin, in order to study the influence of chemical composition on structure and sorption properties of flax fibers. The flax fibers were characterized using FTIR spectroscopy and FESEM microscopy, and by determination of chemical composition, carboxyl group content, electrokinetic and sorption properties. Adsorption of silver ions was used to evaluate flax fiber sorption properties, but also to obtain antimicrobial fibers whose antimicrobial activity was tested against Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and fungi Candida albicans. The progressive removal of hemicelluloses or lignin influenced the sorption properties through the increased liberation of elementary fibers and accessibility of functional surface groups of flax fibers. Removal of hemicelluloses led to increase of iodine sorption without significant change in functional groups content and electrokinetic properties. On the other hand, lignin removal led to an increase of functional groups content, namely carboxyl groups, which in turn influenced better moisture and silver ions sorption. Flax fibers with incorporated silver exhibit fair antimicrobial activity against Gram (−) E. coli, Gram (+) S. aureus and fungi C. albicans.


Flax fibers Chemical composition Sorption properties Antimicrobial activity 



The authors wish to thank the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological development of the Republic of Serbia for financial support through the project OI 172029. The authors also thank Veljko R. Đokić (Innovation center of Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade) for obtaining FE-SEM images.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Public Health InstituteBanja LukaBosnia and Herzegovina
  3. 3.Innovation center of Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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