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Synthesis of carbon nanofibers via hydrothermal conversion of cellulose nanocrystals

Abstract

Carbon nanofibers of 1–2 nm height and micrometer length were synthesized via a hydrothermal conversion of cellulose nanocrystals at 240 °C. The fibers were characterized by atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. In the hypothesized mechanism, the self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals prior to their carbonisation provides a template for the nanofiber formation.

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Correspondence to George Chumanov.

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Wen, Y., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C.L. et al. Synthesis of carbon nanofibers via hydrothermal conversion of cellulose nanocrystals. Cellulose 24, 4599–4604 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-017-1464-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-017-1464-x

Keywords

  • Carbon nanofiber
  • Hydrothermal conversion
  • Cellulose nanocrystals