, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 4313–4323 | Cite as

The influence of nanocellulosic fiber, extracted from Helicteres isora, on thermal, wetting and viscoelastic properties of poly(butylene succinate) composites

  • Jithin Joy
  • Cintil Jose
  • Xiaoyan Yu
  • Lovely Mathew
  • Sabu Thomas
  • Srikanth PillaEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, the thermal, wetting and viscoelastic properties of biodegradable poly(butylene succinate)–isora nanofibril (PBS–INF) composites were investigated. Optical polarizing microscopy showed that incorporating INF in PBS enhanced the number of nucleation sites while also reducing its spherulitic size. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction results showed the influence of INF on the crystal structure of PBS. Dynamic mechanical analysis results revealed increases in storage and loss moduli with increasing INF content. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis showed that incorporating INF facilitated crystallization at higher temperatures. INF slightly enhanced the melting behavior of PBS matrix. Thermogravimetric analysis results demonstrated no definitive change in the thermal stability of PBS upon inclusion of INF. Contact angle studies showed enhancement in the hydrophilic nature of PBS–INF composites. Overall, INF had a positive influence on the thermophysical properties of PBS providing a feasibility for using PBS–INF composites in automotive interiors, food packaging and related applications.


Poly(butylene succinate) Cellulose nanofiber Nanocomposite Helicteres isora 



This work was partially supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, AFRI project [2016-67021-25016]. The first author would like to acknowledge the fellowship support of the University Grants Commission, India. Finally, the authors are thankful to Dr. Craig Clemons of Forest Products Laboratory for his perspective thoughts and suggestions.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Automotive EngineeringClemson UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.School of Chemical Sciences, International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and NanotechnologyMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryNewman CollegeThodupuzhaIndia
  4. 4.Viswajyothi College of Engineering and TechnologyVazhakulamIndia
  5. 5.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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