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Cellulose

, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 4561–4568 | Cite as

Screen-printed electrospun cellulose nanofibers using reactive dyes

  • Zeeshan Khatri
  • Farooq AhmedEmail author
  • Awais Khatri
  • Muzamil Khatri
  • Umair Ahmed Qureshi
  • Ick-Soo KimEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Recently, great deal of attention has been paid to dyeing of nanofibers. Herein, the printing of nanofibers has been reported for the very first time. We chose electrospun cellulose nanofibers (ECNF) and printed with three different classes of reactive dyes by flat screen-printing method. The various printing parameters were investigated such as steaming time, dye build-up property, color penetration. Results revealed that the nanofibers after printing showed good color yield and obtained 92% dye fixation within 7 min of steaming time. Irrespective to dye class, the color build-up property on ECNF showed a linear relationship with increasing dye concentration and demonstrated overall good dye color fastness properties. SEM images showed smooth morphology of ECNF after reactive printing. This technique opens a new door to produce colored patterns and designs on to nanofiber webs that can be utilized for aesthetic as well as functional purposes.

Keywords

Electrospinning Printing Cellulose Nanofibers Reactive dyes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanomaterial Research Lab, Department of Textile EngineeringMehran University of Engineering and TechnologyJamshoroPakistan
  2. 2.Nano Fusion Technology Research Lab, Division of Frontier Fibers, Institute for Fiber Engineering (IFES), Interdisciplinary Cluster for Cutting Edge Research (ICCER)Shinshu UniversityUedaJapan

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