Cellulose

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 1543–1553 | Cite as

Ozone treatment of jute fibers

  • Hafiz Shahzad Maqsood
  • Uzma Bashir
  • Jakub Wiener
  • Michał Puchalski
  • Sławomir Sztajnowski
  • Jiri Militky
Original Paper

Abstract

Oxidation of cellulosic materials is required in many fields such as textile processing, natural fiber composites, medical utilization, and so on. The present study was designed to explore the possibility of ozone treatment as a greener oxidation process for jute fibers. Ozone gas was used for the treatment of waste jute fibers for different time periods in a humid atmosphere. Several characterization techniques, namely physical appearance, fiber mechanical properties, the copper number, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, moisture regain percentage and lightness values (L), were used to assess the effect of treatment on jute fibers. Results showed that fiber tensile properties weaken gradually as a function of treatment time, and surface functional groups alter accordingly. Changes in crystallinity after ozone treatment were also observed. Physically the fiber bundles were split into brittle single fibers, and the L value increased from a brownish shade to lighter color.

Keywords

Cellulose FTIR Jute fiber Oxidation Ozone WAXD 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Material Engineering, Faculty of Textile EngineeringTechnical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of Material and Commodity Sciences and Textile MetrologyLodz University of TechnologyLodzPoland

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