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Investigation of chitosan adsorption onto cotton fabric with atmospheric helium/oxygen plasma pre-treatment

Abstract

In this study, the effects of helium or a helium/oxygen mixture atmospheric pressure plasma treatment on the adsorption of chitosan onto the cotton fabric were investigated. Fabrics were treated with plasma prior to a chitosan finishing process, whereby fabrics were surface coated using a pad/dry/cure method. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, surface energy analyser and contact angle measurements were used to investigate the changes on the cotton surface. Furthermore, antimicrobial activity of the cotton fabric was evaluated. The results showed that plasma pre-treatment enhanced the chitosan adsorption to the cotton surface through physical bonding and there was weak evidence of chemical bonding interactions. A combination of plasma and chitosan treatment did not show any significant differences on the antimicrobial properties compared to chitosan only treated fabric. Plasma treatment changed the fibres physically and enhanced the surface energy and thickness of chitosan distributed on the fibres.

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Acknowledgments

Funding for this study was provided by the Central Research Grants Scheme, Deakin University. The authors express their gratitude to Dr. Robert Jones (Centre for Materials and Surface Science, La Trobe University) for running XPS experiments and Mr. Andrew Jones (CSIRO Manufacturing) for providing the cotton fabric.

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Correspondence to Maryam Naebe.

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Naebe, M., Li, Q., Onur, A. et al. Investigation of chitosan adsorption onto cotton fabric with atmospheric helium/oxygen plasma pre-treatment. Cellulose 23, 2129–2142 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0915-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0915-0

Keywords

  • Atmospheric pressure plasma
  • Chitosan
  • Cotton
  • Adsorption
  • Adhesion
  • Surface treatment