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Properties of electrospun PVDF/PMMA/CA membrane as lithium based battery separator

Abstract

Poly vinylidene fluoride:poly methyl methacrylate:cellulose acetate (CA) at ratios of 100:0:0, 90:10:0, 90:5:5 and 90:0:10 respectively, were successfully electrospun. These membranes were mixed to form a 12 wt% solution prepared with volume ratio 7:3 of DMAc:acetone solvents. These membranes were then analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, FTIR, WAXD, pore size, porosity% and electrolyte uptake (EU)%. It was observed that the best absorption results were obtained in the presence of CA. The electrospun membrane at ratio of 90:0:10 was observed with the highest porosity of 99.1 % and EU at 323 %. It also had a 43.6 % crystallinity and a 162 °C melting temperature. It was then concluded that addition of CA improved the separator properties.

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Correspondence to Tusiimire Yvonne.

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Yvonne, T., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. et al. Properties of electrospun PVDF/PMMA/CA membrane as lithium based battery separator. Cellulose 21, 2811–2818 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-014-0296-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-014-0296-1

Keywords

  • Cellulose acetate (CA)
  • Poly vinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
  • Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA)
  • Electrospinning
  • Battery separator