Skip to main content
Log in

The sonochemical coating of cotton withstands 65 washing cycles at hospital washing standards and retains its antibacterial properties

Cellulose Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Cite this article


Hospital-acquired nosocomial infections are a major health, and consequently financial issue, in the world healthcare system. The problem of bacterial infections in general, and in hospitals in particular, has led to extensive scientific and industrial efforts to fabricate antibacterial textiles. A sonochemical coating machine was developed and built and its ability to coat antibacterial nanoparticles (NPs) onto 40–50 meter length of materials on a roll to roll basis at a speed of 22 cm/min. Cotton coated sonochemically with copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) was found to maintain its antibacterial properties even after 65 cycles of washings according to hospital protocols of hygienic washing (75 °C). This demonstrates the good quality and high stability of this sonochemically produced NPs coating on textiles. Durable antibacterial textiles such as these may be suitable for wide spread use in future hospital environments where hygiene control is of paramount importance.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Abramov OV, Gedanken A, Koltypin Y, Perkas N, Perelshtein I, Joyce E, Mason TJ (2009) Pilot scale sonochemical coating of nanoparticles onto textiles to produce biocidal fabrics. Surf Coat Tech 204:718–722

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Applerot G, Lipovsky A, Dror R, Perkas N, Nitzan Y, Lubart R, Gedanken A (2009) Enhanced antibacterial activity of nanocrystalline ZnO due to increased ROS‐mediated cell injury. Adv Fun Mat 19(6):842–852

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Aymonier C, Schlotterbeck U, Antonietti L, Zacharias P, Thomann R, Tiller JC, Mecking S et al (2002) Hybrids of silver nanoparticles with amphiphilic hyperbranched macromolecules exhibiting antimicrobial properties. Chem Comm 24:3018–3019

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Borkow G, Gabbay J (2005) Copper as a biocidal tool. Curr Med Chem 12(8):2163–2175

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Branger B, Senechal H, Bataillon S, Ertzscheid MA, Baron R, Borgey F, Thibon P, Van Der Mee N, Girard N, Wiesel M et al (2005) La consommation de produits d’hygiène des mains dans les établissements de soins dans l’interrégion Ouest. Med et maladies infect 35(6):349–356

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • BS EN ISO 20743:2007 ‘Textiles—determination of antibacterial activity of antibacterial finished products’ British Standards Institution, London 2007

  • Chattopadhyay DP, Patel BH (2010) Effect of nanosized colloidal copper on cotton fabric. J Eng Fib Fabr 5:1–6

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dollwet HHA, Sorenson JRJ (1985) Historic uses of copper compounds in medicine. Trace Elem Med 2(2):80–86

    Google Scholar 

  • Foster HA, Sheel DW, Sheel P, Evans P, Varghese S, Rutschke N, Yates HM (2010) Antimicrobial activity of titania/silver and titania/copper films prepared by CVD. J Photochem Photobiol, A 216:283–289

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gabbay J, Borkow G, Mishal J, Magen E, Zatcoff R, Shemer Avni Y (2006) Copper oxide impregnated textiles with potent biocidal activities. J Indus Text 35(4):323–326

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gedanken A, Shukla S, Gottesman R, Nitzan Y, Solovyov L, Perkas N (2011) Sonochemical coating of paper by microbiocidal silver nanoparticles. Langmuir 27:720–726

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Grace M, Chand N, Bajpai SK (2009) Copper alginate-cotton cellulose (CACC) fibers with excellent antibacterial properties. J Eng Fib Fabr 4:24–35

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kotlyar A, Perkas N, Amiryan G, Meyer M, Zimmermann W, Gedanken AJ (2007) Coating silver nanoparticles on poly (methyl methacrylate) chips and spheres via ultrasound irradiation. Appl Polym Sci 104:2868–2876

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Perelshtein I, Applerot G, Perkas N, Guibert G, Mikhailov S, Gedanken A (2008) Sonochemical coating of silver nanoparticles on textile fabrics (nylon, polyester and cotton) and their antibacterial activity. Nanotechnology 19:245705 (6 pp)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Perelshtein I, Applerot G, Perkas N, Wehrschetz-Sigl E, Hasmann A, Guebitz GM, Gedanken A (2009a) Antibacterial properties of an in situ generated and simultaneously deposited nanocrystalline ZnO on fabrics. ACS Appl Mat Interf 1(2):361–366

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Perelshtein I, Applerot G, Perkas N, Wehrschuetz-Sigl E, Hasmann A, Guebitz GM, Gedanken A (2009b) CuO–cotton nanocomposite: formation, morphology, and antibacterial activity. Surf CoaT Tech 204(1–2):54–57

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Perkas N, Amirian G, Dubinsky S, Gazit S, Gedanken AJ (2007) Ultrasound‐assisted coating of nylon 6, 6 with silver nanoparticles and its antibacterial activity. J Appl Polym Sci 104:1423–1430

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Suslick KS (1989) The chemical effects of ultrasound. Sci Am 260(2):80–86

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references


This research was carried out as part of the activities of the SONO Consortium, Contract No. NMP-2008-1.2-1-228730. SONO, is an IP Project of the 7th EC Program.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Aharon Gedanken.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Perelshtein, I., Ruderman, Y., Perkas, N. et al. The sonochemical coating of cotton withstands 65 washing cycles at hospital washing standards and retains its antibacterial properties. Cellulose 20, 1215–1221 (2013).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: