The adsorption of four commercial non-ionic cellulose derivatives onto two different model surfaces of cellulose fibres has been studied with surface plasmon reflectance. The model surfaces of cellulose were ultrathin films of either nano fibrillated cellulose or regenerated cellulose on Au(s). Partial least squares models were used in the analysis of the data and it was found that the type of cellulose model surface seems to be most important for both the total adsorption and the initial adsorption rate of the studied cellulose derivatives. It is believed that this can be explained by morphological differences between the surfaces, and it was found that the properties of the cellulose derivatives that affect the adsorption of the two types of cellulose surface differ. For adsorption onto a NFC-based model surface, the type of cellulose derivative and the polydispersity index (PDI) of the cellulose derivative seem to be the two most important variables for the observed adsorption of these cellulose derivatives. For the regenerated cellulose surface the three most important variables are the M n of the cellulose derivatives, the DS NMR of the methyl celluloses, and PDI of the cellulose derivatives. Thus the adsorption of cellulose derivatives on the NFC-based cellulose model surface is strongly affected by the type of substituent, while the same cannot be said for a surface regenerated from N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide. Additionally, the DS NMR of methyl celluloses affects their adsorption differently on the investigated cellulose model surfaces.
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Laura Taajamaa, Karoliina Junka and Janne Laine, Aalto University Finland, are acknowledged for supplying the NFC material. Christine Funk and Uwe Sauer, the department of chemistry, Umeå University, are acknowledged for use of equipment. Janice PL Kenney, the department of chemistry, Umeå University is acknowledged for grammatical corrections. I thank Bio4Energy, a strategic research environment appointed by the Swedish government, for supporting this work. Finally the Kempe foundation is acknowledged for financing laboratory equipment.
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Sundman, O. Adsorption of four non-ionic cellulose derivatives on cellulose model surfaces. Cellulose 21, 115–124 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-013-0105-2
- Cellulose derivatives
- Surface interactions
- Surface modification