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Earth–Mars transfers with ballistic escape and low-thrust capture


In this paper novel Earth–Mars transfers are presented. These transfers exploit the natural dynamics of n-body models as well as the high specific impulse typical of low-thrust systems. The Moon-perturbed version of the Sun–Earth problem is introduced to design ballistic escape orbits performing lunar gravity assists. The ballistic capture is designed in the Sun–Mars system where special attainable sets are defined and used to handle the low-thrust control. The complete trajectory is optimized in the full n-body problem which takes into account planets’ orbital inclinations and eccentricities. Accurate, efficient solutions with reasonable flight times are presented and compared with known results.

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Correspondence to F. Topputo.

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Mingotti, G., Topputo, F. & Bernelli-Zazzera, F. Earth–Mars transfers with ballistic escape and low-thrust capture. Celest Mech Dyn Astr 110, 169–188 (2011).

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  • Restricted three-body problem
  • Invariant manifolds
  • Low-thrust transfer
  • n-body models
  • Ballistic capture
  • Lunar-gravity assist