Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements: 2006

Abstract

Every three years the IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements revises tables giving the directions of the poles of rotation and the prime meridians of the planets, satellites, minor planets, and comets. This report introduces improved values for the pole and rotation rate of Pluto, Charon, and Phoebe, the pole of Jupiter, the sizes and shapes of Saturn satellites and Charon, and the poles, rotation rates, and sizes of some minor planets and comets. A high precision realization for the pole and rotation rate of the Moon is provided. The expression for the Sun’s rotation has been changed to be consistent with the planets and to account for light travel time

References

  1. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Cross C.A., Duncombe R.L., Masursky H., Morando B., Owen T.C., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Wilkins G.A., Tjuflin Y.S. (1980). Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites. Celest. Mech. 22: 205–230

    Google Scholar 

  2. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Lieske J.H., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Sinzi A.M., Smith B.A., Tjuflin Y.S. (1983). Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 1982. Celest.Mech. 29: 309–321

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Bursa M., Lederle T., Lieske J.H., Rapp R.H., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Teifel V.G., Tjuflin Y.S. (1986). Report of the IAU/IAG/COSPAR Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 1985. Celest. Mech. 39: 103–113

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Bursa M., Hunt G.E., Lieske J.H., Morando B., Rapp R.H., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Tjuflin Y.S. (1989). Report of the IAU/IAG/COSPAR Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 1998. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 46: 187–204

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Brahic A., Bursa M., Chovitz B.H., Lieske J.H., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Tjuflin Y.S. (1992). Report of the IAU/IAG/COSPAR Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 1991. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 53: 377–397

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Davies M.E., Abalakin V.K., Bursa M., Lieske J.H., Morando B., Seidelmann P.K., Sinclair A.T., Yallop B., Tjuflin, Y.S. (1996). Report of the IAU/IAG/COSPAR Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 1994. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 63: 127–148

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Davies, M.E., Colvin, T.R.: Lunar coordinates in the regions of the Apollo landers. JGR 105, (E8), 20,277–20, 280 (2000)

  8. Duxbury, T.: Minutes of 2006 October 3 Meeting of the MGCWG, as of 2006 October 31 (2006)

  9. Duxbury, T., et al.: Mars Geodesy/Cartography Working Group Recommendations on Mars Cartographic Constants and Coordinate Systems. In “Orientation at Epoch” page 1, column 2, http://astrogeology.usgs.gov/Projects/ISPRS/MEETINGS/Flagstaff2001/abstracts/ isprs_etm_OCT01_dux bury_A_mars_constants.pdf (2001)

  10. Giampieri G., Dougherty M.K., Smith E.J., Russell C.T. (2006). A regular period for Saturn’s magnetic field that may track its internal rotation. Nature 441: 62–64

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Gulbis A.A.S., Elliot J.L., Person M.J., Adams E.R., Babcock B.A., Emilio M., Gangestad J.W., Kern S.D., Kramer E.A., Osip D.J., Pasachoff J.M., Souza S.P., Tuvikene T. (2006). Charon’s radius and atmospheric constraints from observations of a stellar occultation. Nature 439: 48–51

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Jacobson R.A. (2002). The orientation of the pole of Jupiter. BAAS 34: 936

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. Konopliv A., Yoder C.F., Standish E.M., Yuan D.-N., Sjogren W.I. (2006). A global solution for the Mars static and seasonal gravity, Mars orientation, Phobos and Deimos masses, and Mars ephemeris. Icarus 182: 23–50

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Konopliv A.S., Asmar S.W., Carranza E., Sjogren W.L., Yuan D.N. (2001). Recent gravity models as a result of the Lunar Prospector mission. Icarus 150: 1–18

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. Kovalevsky, J., Seidelmann, P.K.: Fundamentals of Astrometry. Cambridge University Press (2004)

  16. Ma C., Arias E.F., Eubanks T.M., Fey A.L., Gontier A.-M., Jacobs C.S., Sovers O.J., Archinal B.A., Charlot P. (1998). The International Celestial Reference Frame As realized by Very Long Baseline Interferometry. Astron. J. 116: 516–546

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  17. Miller J.K., Konopliv A.S., Antreasian P.G., Bordi J.J., Chesley S., Helfrich C.E., Owen W.M., Wang T.C., Williams B.G., Yeomans D.K., Scheeres D.J. (2002). Determination of shape, gravity, and rotational state of asteroid 433 Eros. Icarus 155: 3–17

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  18. Ostro S.J., Hudson R.S., Nolan M.C., Margot J.-L., Scheeres D.J., Campbell D.B., Magri C., Giosini J.D., Yeomans D.K. (2000). Radar observations of asteroid 216 Kleopatra. Science 288: 836–839

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  19. Peale S. (2006). The proximity of Mercury’s spin to Cassini state 1 from adiabatic invariance. Icarus 181: 338–347

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  20. Porco C.C., Baker E., Barbara J., Beurle K., Brahic A., Burns J.A., Charnoz S., Cooper N., Dawson D.D., Del Genio A.D., Denk T., Dones L., Dyudina U., Evans M.W., Giese B., Grazier K., Helfenstein P., Ingersoll A.P., Jacobson R.A., Johnson T.V., McEwen A., Murrray C.D., Neukum G., Owen W.M., Perry J., Roatsch T., Spitale J., Squyres S., Thomas P.C., Tiscareno M., Turtle E., Vasavada A.R., Veverka J, Wagner R., West R. (2005). Cassini Imaging Science: Initial Results on Phoebe and Iapetus. Science 307: 1237–1242

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  21. Roncoli, R.: Lunar constants and models document. JPL D-32296, available at http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/?lunar_doc (2005)

  22. Seidelmann P.K., Abalakin V.K., Bursa M., Davies M.E., de Bergh C., Lieske J.H., Oberst J., Simon J.L., Standish E.M., Stooke P., Thomas P.C. (2002). Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 2000. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 82: 83–110

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  23. Seidelmann P.K., Archinal B.A., A’Hearn M.F., Cruikshank D.P., Hilton J.L., Keller H.U., Oberst J., Simon J.L., Stooke P., Tholen D.J., Thomas P.C. (2005). Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements: 2003. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 91: 203–215

    MATH  Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  24. Sicardy B. (2006). Charon’s size and an upper limit on its atmosphere from a stellar occultation. Nature 439: 52–54

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  25. Smith, D., Neumann, B., Arvidson, R.E., Guinness, E.A., Slavney, S.: Mars Global Surveyor Laser Altimeter Mission Experiment Gridded Data Record. NASA Planetary Data System, MGS-M-MOLA-5-MEGDR-L3-V1.0, 2003. Available on-line from http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/mgs/megdr.html

  26. Stevenson D.J. (2006). A new spin on Saturn. Nature 441: 344–35

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Tholen D.J., Buie M.W. (1997). The Orbit of Charon. Icarus 125: 245–260

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  28. Thomas P.C., Veverka J., Belton M.J.S., Hidy A., A’Hearn M.F., Farnham T.L., Groussin O., Li J.-Y., McFadden L.A., Sunshine J., Wellnitz D., Lisse C., Schultz P., Meech K.J., Delamere. W.A. (2007). The shape, topography, and geology of Tempel 1 from Deep Impact observations. Icarus 187: 4–15

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  29. Thomas, P.C., et al.: Shapes of the Saturnian icy satellites and their significance. Icarus, in press (2007b)

  30. Thomas P.C., Wm. Parker J., McFadden L.A., Russell C.T., Stern S.A., Sykes M.V., Young E.F. (2005). Differentiation of the asteroid Ceres as revealed by its shape. Nature 437: 224–226

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  31. Thomas P.C., Joseph J., Carcich B., Veverka J., Clark B.E., Bell J.F., Byrd A.W., Chomko R., Robinson M., Murchie S., Prockter L., Cheng A., Izenberg N., Malin M., Chapman C., McFadden L.A., Kirk R., Gaffey M., Lucey P.G. (2002). Eros: shape, topography, and slope processes. Icarus 155: 18–37

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  32. Thomas P.C., Binzel R.P., Gaffey M.J., Zellner B.H., Storrs A.D., Wells E.N. (1997). Vesta: spin, pole, size, and shape from HST Images. Icarus 128: 88–94

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Kenneth Seidelmann.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under an open access license. Please check the 'Copyright Information' section for details of this license and what re-use is permitted. If your intended use exceeds what is permitted by the license or if you are unable to locate the licence and re-use information, please contact the Rights and Permissions team.

About this article

Cite this article

Seidelmann, P.K., Archinal, B.A., A’hearn, M.F. et al. Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements: 2006. Celestial Mech Dyn Astr 98, 155–180 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10569-007-9072-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cartographic coordinates
  • Rotation axes
  • Rotation periods
  • Sizes
  • Shapes
  • Planets
  • Satellites
  • Minor planets
  • Comets