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Workforce Turnover in Community Behavioral Health Agencies in the USA: A Systematic Review with Recommendations

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Abstract

Rates of behavioral health workforce turnover are chronically high, with detrimental effects on the agency and remaining staff, as well as hypothesized negative impacts on client care and outcomes. Turnover also creates challenges for studies investigating the effectiveness and/or implementation of behavioral health interventions. Research examining factors that precede and predict behavioral health staff turnover has become increasingly important, as have studies that include recommendations for preventing and reducing turnover. The current paper systematically reviews the body of research on factors associated with behavioral health staff turnover, synthesizes recommendations made for combating turnover, and identifies gaps in this important area of research.

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Brabson, L.A., Harris, J.L., Lindhiem, O. et al. Workforce Turnover in Community Behavioral Health Agencies in the USA: A Systematic Review with Recommendations. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 23, 297–315 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-020-00313-5

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