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Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 167–182 | Cite as

The Importance of Parental Attributions in Families of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Disruptive Behavior Disorders

  • Charlotte Johnston
  • Jeneva L. Ohan
Article

Abstract

Presents a social-cognitive model outlining the role of parental attributions for child behavior in parent–child interactions. Examples of studies providing evidence for the basic model are presented, with particular reference to applications of the model in families of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant/conduct disordered behavior. Parent or child factors that may moderate the operation of links within the model are suggested, and evidence of such moderator effects is presented. The conceptualization and measurement of parental attributions also are discussed. The limitations of the model and existing evidence, as well as recommendations for future research in this area are presented throughout the paper. The paper concludes with a summary of the clinical implications of the model and research on parental attributions with regards to improving interventions for families of children with attentional and disruptive behavior problems.

Key Words

disruptive behavior disorders parental attributions parent–child interactions Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charlotte Johnston
    • 1
  • Jeneva L. Ohan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British Columbia-OkanaganKelownaCanada

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