Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (2005). The Influence of Attitudes on Behavior. In D. Albarracín, B. T. Johnson, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.) The Handbook of Attitudes (pp. 173–221). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Aldrich, R. S. (2015). Using the theory of planned behavior to predict college students’ intention to intervene with a suicidal individual. Crisis, 36, 332–337. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000330
Aldrich, R. S., & Cerel, J. (2009). The development of effective message content for suicide intervention: Theory of planned behavior. Crisis, 30(4), 174–179.
Aseltine, R. H., & DeMartino, R. (2004). An outcome evaluation of the SOS suicide prevention program. American Journal of Public Health, 94(3), 446–451. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.3.446
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191–215. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191
Boeije, H. A. (2002). Purposeful approach to the constant comparative method in the analysis of qualitative interviews. Quality & Quantity, 36, 391–409. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020909529486
Bohon, L., Cotter, K., Kravitz, R., Cello, P., Fernandez, Y., & Garcia, E. (2016). The theory of planned behavior as it predicts potential intention to seek mental health services for depression among college students. Journal ofAmerican College Health, 64(8), 593–603.
Centers for Disease Control (2020). Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html
Chen, L.-Y.A., Chai-Yi, W., Lee, M.-B., & Yang, L.-T. (2020). Suicide and associated psychosocial correlates among university students in Taiwan: A mixed-methods study. Journal of Formosan Medical Association, 119(5), 957–967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2020.01.012
Clark, T. R., Matthieu, M. M., Ross, A., & Knox, K. L. (2010). Training outcomes from the Samaritans of New York suicide awareness and prevention programme among community-and school-based staff. The British Journal of Social Work, 40(7), 2223–2238. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcq016
Cox, M. M. (2021). Framing messages for suicide gatekeepers through the theory of planned behavior. Southwestern Mass Communication Journal. https://journals.tdl.org/swecjmc/index.php/swecjmc/article/view/90
Cross, W. F., Seaburn, D., Gibbs, D., Schmeelk-Cone, K., White, A. M., & Caine, E. D. (2011). Does practice make perfect? A randomized control trial of behavioral rehearsal on suicide prevention gatekeeper skills. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 32(3–4), 195. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-011-0250-z
Cusimano, M. D., & Sameem, M. (2011). The effectiveness of middle and high school-based suicide prevention programmes for adolescents: A systematic review. Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 17(1), 43–49. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2009.025502
Fulginiti, A., & Hsu, H. T. (2021). Gatekeeping beliefs, intent, and behavior among homeless youth. Death Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2021.1922543
Hall-Lande, J. A., Eisenberg, M. E., Christenson, S. L., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2007). Social isolation, psychological health, and protective factors in adolescence. Adolescence, 42(166), 265–286.
Holmes, G., Clacy, A., Hermens, D., & Lagopoulos, J. (2019). The long-term efficacy of suicide prevention gatekeeper training: A systematic review. Archives of Suicide Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2019.1690608
Holmes, G., Clacy, A., Hermens, D. F., & Lagopoulos, J. (2020). The long-term efficacy of suicide prevention gatekeeper training: A systematic review. Archives of suicide research, 1–31.
Hom, M. A., Stanley, I. H., & Joiner, T. E., Jr. (2015). Evaluating factors and interventions that influence help-seeking and mental health service utilization among suicidal individuals: A review of the literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 40, 28–39.
Johnson, L. A., & Parsons, M. E. (2012). Adolescent suicide prevention in a school setting use of a gatekeeper program. NASN School Nurse, 27, 312–317.
King, C. A., Arango, A., & Foster, C. E. (2018). Emerging trends in adolescent suicide prevention research. Current Opinion in Psychology, 22, 89–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.037
Kuhlman, S. T., Walch, S. E., Bauer, K. N., & Glenn, A. D. (2017). Intention to enact and enactment of gatekeeper behaviors for suicide prevention: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Prevention Science, 18(6), 704–715.
Kuhlman, S. T. W., Smith, P. N., Marie, L., Fadoir, N. A., & Hudson, K. (2020). A pilot randomized controlled trial of the alliance project gatekeeper training for suicide prevention. Archives of Suicide Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2020.1767246
Lapinski, M. K., & Rimal, R. N. (2005). An explication of social norms. Communication Theory, 15(2), 127–147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2005.tb00329.x
Lee, R. M., Dean, B. L., & Jung, K. (2008). Social connectedness, extraversion, and subjective wellbeing: testing a mediation model. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(5), 414–419.
Lei, N., & Pellitteri, J. (2017). Help-seeking and coping behaviors among Asian Americans: The roles of Asian values, emotional intelligence, and optimism. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 8(3), 224–234. https://doi.org/10.1037/aap0000086
Meisel, M. K., & Barnett, N. P. (2017). Protective and risky social network factors for drinking during the transition from high school to college. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 78(6), 922–929.
Mo, P. K., Ko, T. T., & Xin, M. Q. (2018). School-based gatekeeper training programmes in enhancing gatekeepers’ cognitions and behaviours for adolescent suicide prevention: A systematic review. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 12(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0233-4
Padgett, D. K. (2008). Qualitative Methods in Social Work Research (2nd ed.). Sage.
Petrova, M., Wyman, P. A., Schmeelk-Cone, K., & Pisani, A. R. (2015). Positive-themed suicide prevention messages delivered by adolescent peer leaders: Proximal impact on classmates’ coping attitudes and perceptions of adult support. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 45(6), 651–663.
Pickering, T. A., Wyman, P. A., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Hartley, C., Valente, T. W., Pisani, A. R., & LoMurray, M. (2018). Diffusion of a peer-led suicide preventive intervention through school-based student peer and adult networks. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00598
Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). Free Press.
Rubin, A., & Bellamy, J. (2012). Practitioner’s guide to using research for evidence-based practice. John Wiley & Sons.
Saldana, J. (2016). The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
Smillie, L. D. (2013). Extraversion and reward processing. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(3), 167–172. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721412470133
Spencer, R., Pryce, J., Barry, J., Walsh, J., & Basualdo-Delmonico, A. (2020). Deconstructing empathy: A qualitative examination of mentor perspective-taking and adaptability in youth mentoring relationships. Children & Youth Services Review. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105043
Sun, J., Harris, K., & Vazire, S. (2019). Is well-being associated with the quantity and quality ofsocial interactions?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000272
Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., & Craig, J. (2007). Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): A 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19(6), 349–357.
Totura, C. M. W., Labouliere, C. D., Gryglewicz, K., & Karver, M. S. (2019). Adolescent decision-making: The value of perceived behavioral control in predicting engagement in suicide prevention behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48, 1784–1795. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01066-3
Wolfe, K. L., Foxwell, A., & Kennard, B. (2014). Identifying and treating risk factors for suicidal behaviors in youth. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 9(3), 11–14. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0101634
Wrzus, C., Hänel, M., Wagner, J., & Neyer, F. J. (2013). Social network changes and life events across the life span: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 53.
Wyman, P. A., Brown, C. H., Inman, J., Cross, W., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Guo, J., & Pena, J. B. (2008). Randomized trial of a gatekeeper program for suicide prevention: One-year impact on secondary school staff. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 76, 104–115.
Wyman, P. A., Brown, C. H., LoMurray, M., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Petrova, M., Yu, Q., Walsh, E., Tu, X., & Wang, W. (2010). An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 1653–1661.
Wyman, P. A., Pickering, T. A., Pisani, A. R., Rulison, K., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Hartley, C., Gould, M., Caine, E. D., LoMurray, M., Brown, C. H., & Valente, T. W. (2019). Peer-adult network structure and suicide attempts in 38 high schools: Implications for network-informed suicide prevention. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 60, 1065–1075. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13102