Exploring the Social-Ecological Determinants of Physical Fighting in U.S. Schools: What about Youth in Immigrant Families?
- 527 Downloads
Despite the growing presence of immigrant families in the US, little is known about physical fighting in school among youth from those families.
The present study examines the social-ecological determinants of school physical fighting among youth in immigrant families. Implications for practice are also discussed.
Using the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study data set, the study sample consisted of 4288 immigrant students in 9th–12th grade. Models were estimated using multivariate logistic regression. Variables in the individual, family, friend/peer, and school contexts were included by fitting four hierarchical logistic models to the data.
Results indicated that youth in immigrant families who are males, in lower grade level, racial/ethnic minorities, and of low family socio-economic status (individual) were likely to engage in physical fights. Youth in immigrant families who feel detached from their parents (family); speak another language with friends (friend/peer); and perceive school discipline to be unfair, feel discriminated against by teachers, and who perceive school crimes to be a problem (school) are also at an elevated risk of physical fights.
Findings from the study contribute to a growing body of research on youth in immigrant families.
KeywordsAdolescents Fighting Immigrants Social-ecological framework Youth
- Brown, B. B. (1990). Peer groups and peer cultures. In S. S. Feldman & G. R. Elliot (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 171–196). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Coie, J. D., & Dodge, K. A. (1998). Aggression and antisocial behavior. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology, 5th ed.: Vol. 3 Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 779–862). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Cotten, N. U., Resnick, J., Browne, D. C., Martin, S. L., McCarraher, D. R., & Woods, J. (1994). Aggression and fighting behavior among African-American adolescents: Individual and family factors. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 618–622. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.84.4.618.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Deng, S., Kim, S. Y., Vaughan, P. W., & Li, J. (2010). Cultural orientation as a moderator of the relationship between Chinese American adolescents’ discrimination experiences and delinquent behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescents, 39, 1027–1040. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9460-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- DuRant, R. H., Kahn, J., Beckford, P. H., & Woods, E. R. (1997). The association of weapon carrying and fighting on school property and other health risk and problem behaviors among high school students. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, 51, 360–366. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170410034004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Flores, E., Tschann, J. M., Dimas, J. M., Pasch, L. A., & de Groat, C. L. (2010). Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and health risk behaviors among Mexican American adolescents. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57, 264–273. doi: 10.1037/a0020026.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gregory, A., & Ripski, M. B. (2008). Adolescent trust in teachers: Implications for behavior in the high school classroom. School Psychology Review, 37, 337–353.Google Scholar
- Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind: What being poor does to kids’ brains and what schools can do about it. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.Google Scholar
- Kao, G., Vaquera, E., & Goyette, K. (2013). Education and immigration. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
- Kasen, S., Berenson, K., Cohen, P., & Johnson, J. G. (2004). The effects of school climate on changes in aggressive and other behaviors related to bullying. In D. L. Espelage & S. M. Swearer (Eds.), Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention (pp. 187–210). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Kassinove, H., & Sukhodolsky, D. G. (1995). Anger disorders: Basic science and practice issues. In H. Kassinove (Ed.), Anger disorders: Definition, diagnosis, and treatment (pp. 1–26). Washington: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Maddux, J. E., & Winstead, B. A. (Eds.). (2012). Psychopathology: Foundations for a contemporary understanding (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Marsiglia, F. F., Parsai, M., & Kulis, S. (2009). Effects of familism and family cohesion on problem behaviors among adolescents in Mexican immigrant families in the Southwest United States. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 18, 203–220. doi: 10.1080/15313200903070965.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- McLachlan, G. J., Krishnan, T., & Ng, S. K. (2004). The EM algorithm (No. 2004, 24). Papers/Humboldt-Universtat. Berlin: Center for Applied Statistics and Economics.Google Scholar
- Pepler, D. J., Madson, K. C., Webster, C., & Levene, K. S. (2005). The development and treatment of girlhood aggression. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (1991). Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS), 1991–2006 (ICPSR20520.v2 ed.). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. doi: 10.3886/ICPSR20520.v2.
- Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (2001). Legacies: The story of the immigrant second generation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (2008). Children of immigrants longitudinal study (CILS). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.Google Scholar
- Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. (2014). Immigrant America: A portrait. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Putallaz, M., Grimes, C. L., Foster, K. J., Kupersmidt, J. B., Coie, J. D., & Dearing, K. (2007). Overt and relational aggression and victimization: Multiple perspectives within the school setting. Journal of School Psychology, 45, 523–547. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2007.05.003.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., et al. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 823–832. doi: 10.1001/jama.1997.03550100049038.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Robers, S., Kemp, J., Rathbun, A., & Morgan, R. E. (2014). Indicators of school crime and safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042/NCJ 243299). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice.Google Scholar
- Rumbaut, R. G., & Ewing, W. A. (2007). The myth of immigrant criminality and the paradox of assimilation: Incarceration rates among native and foreign-born men. Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Law Foundation.Google Scholar
- Sallis, J. F., Owen, N., & Fisher, E. B. (2008). Ecological models of health behavior. In K. Glanz, B. K. Rimer, & K. Viswanath (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 465–486). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Sidorowicz, K., & Hair, E. C. (2009). Assessing peer conflict and aggressive behaviors: A guide for out-of-school time program practitioners. Research-to-Results Brief. Child Trends. Publication#2009-43.Google Scholar
- Suárez-Orozco, C., Suárez-Orozco, M., & Todorova, I. (2008). Learning a new land: Immigrant students in American society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2008). Office of Applied Studies: The NSDUH Report: Trends in substance use, dependence or abuse, and treatment among adolescents: 2002 to 2007. Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
- Sullivan, S., Schwartz, S. J., Prado, G., Huang, S., Pantin, H., & Szapocznik, J. (2007). A bidimensional model of acculturation for examining differences in family functioning and behavior problems in Hispanic immigrant adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 27, 405–430. doi: 10.1177/0272431607302939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tremblay, R. E., Loeber, R., Gagnon, C., Charlebois, P., Larivee, S., & LeBlanc, M. (1991). Disruptive boys with stable and unstable high fighting behavior patterns during junior elementary school. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 285–300. doi: 10.1007/BF00911232.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- US Census Bureau. (2010). Current population survey. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau, Population Division.Google Scholar
- Wranik, T., & Scherer, K. R. (2010). Why do I get angry? A componential appraisal approach. In M. Potegal, G. Stemmler, & C. Spielberger (Eds.), International handbook of anger: Constituent and concomitant biological, psychological, and social problems (pp. 243–266). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar