Catalysis Surveys from Asia

, Volume 10, Issue 3–4, pp 161–171 | Cite as

Porous microfibers and microhoneycombs synthesized by ice templating

  • Shin R. MukaiEmail author
  • Hirotomo Nishihara
  • Hajime Tamon


Recently we introduced the “ice templating” method, a new method which allows the synthesis of nanoporous materials with unique morphology, such as microfibers and microhoneycombs. In this method, materials are synthesized by freezing their parent hydrosols or hydrogels unidirectionally. Ice crystals which grow within the precursor during freezing act as the template. Therefore, the template can be easily removed through simple thawing and drying, which is a unique and beneficial feature of this method. This paper will first describe the outline of this new method and next, the details about methods to control the dimensions of the materials obtained through it. Comments about the range of applicability of this method will also be provided.


porous materials sol–gel freeze gelation unidirectional freezing microfiber microhoneycomb. 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shin R. Mukai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hirotomo Nishihara
    • 2
  • Hajime Tamon
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced MaterialsTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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