Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 3, pp 713–722 | Cite as

Covalently Copper(II) Porphyrin Cross-Linked Graphene Oxide: Preparation and Catalytic Activity

  • Amir KhojastehnezhadEmail author
  • Mehdi Bakavoli
  • Ali Javid
  • Mohammad Mehdi Khakzad Siuki
  • Farid Moeinpour


In this study, copper(II)-coordinated 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(aminophenyl)porphyrin (CuPPh) as a macrocyclic copper complex was covalently linked to the surface of graphene oxide (GO–CuPPh). This covalently cross-linked catalyst was characterized with various analysis such as FT-IR, SEM, TEM, EDS, ICP, TGA and UV–Vis. All analysis confirm the successful covalently immobilization of CuPPh on the GO. Then, the activity of catalyst has been tested for the preparation of propargylamine derivatives by the reaction of different aldehydes/ketones various amines and phenylacetylene via A3 and KA2 coupling reactions. The catalytic system indicated great catalytic activity in this reaction and the yields of the products were good to marvelous. The results of this work are hoped to aid the establishment of new class of heterogeneous catalysts as the high performance and low-cost candidates for industrial applications.

Graphical Abstract


Heterogeneous catalysis Porphyrin Graphene oxide Propargylamine 



The authors are thankful to the Iran National Science Foundation and Ferdowsi University of Mashhad for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Khojastehnezhad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mehdi Bakavoli
    • 1
  • Ali Javid
    • 2
  • Mohammad Mehdi Khakzad Siuki
    • 1
  • Farid Moeinpour
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Mashhad BranchIslamic Azad UniversityMashhadIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Bandar Abbas BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBandar AbbasIran

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