Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 3, pp 688–698 | Cite as

Design of BNPs-TAPC Palladium Complex as a Reusable Heterogeneous Nanocatalyst for the O-Arylation of Phenols and N-Arylation of Amines

  • Kiumars BahramiEmail author
  • Minoo Khodamorady


The thermally stable new heterogenous nanocatalyst BNPs@SiO2(CH2)3-TAPC-O-CH2CH2NH2-Pd(0) was synthesized, characterized and successfully applied in carbon-heteroatom (C–O and C–N) coupling reactions of aryl halides with phenols and amines. The formation of resultant nanocatalyst was approved by FT-IR, XRD, TGA, XPS and EDX techniques. The morphology of BNPs@SiO2(CH2)3-TAPC-O-CH2CH2NH2-Pd(0) was characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopes. The leaching of palladium from the surface of the catalyst was studid by ICP-OES technique. Noteworthy, the highly active BNPs@SiO2(CH2)3-TAPC-O-CH2CH2NH2-Pd(0) can be easily recycled and reused for six times with negligible loss in its activity. Some remarkable advantages of this method are the shorter reaction times, milder conditions, no needs for an inert atmosphere, high yields and easy separation.

Graphical Abstract


Boehmite nanoparticles Cross coupling reactions Buchwald-Hartwig reactions Heterogeneous nanocatalyst 



The authors gratefully appreciated the financial support of this work by the research council of Razi University.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2627_MOESM1_ESM.doc (484 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 483 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryRazi UniversityKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center (NNRC)Razi UniversityKermanshahIran

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