Synthesis of materials with combined chemistry and textural properties of carbon and silica aerogels was studied. The synthesized support was modified with ruthenium using evaporation impregnation and deposition–precipitation methods. The ruthenium modification methods were observed to influence the particle size, dispersion, surface area, pore volume and acidity of Ru–C–SiO2 catalysts. Ruthenium particles of 1–2 nm were obtained with a simple impregnation–evaporation method, while deposition precipitations technique gave ruthenium particles ranging from 1 to 8 nm. Small Ru nanoparticles (1–2 nm) were stable even after being exposed at 700 °C or washed with ethanol for regeneration. Furthermore, the catalytic properties of Ru–C–SiO2 catalysts in sugar hydrogenation were also observed to be influenced by the synthesis methods. The catalysts were tested in hydrogenation of sugars with different molecule sizes (i.e. glucose and cellobiose). d-Glucose was more reactive than d-cellobiose when they were studied separately. For the mixture of sugars higher reactivity of both sugars was observed in comparison with neat substrates for the catalyst made by evaporation-impregnation. On the contrary no significant differences between kinetics of the separated sugars and their mixture were observed for the catalyst prepared by deposition–precipitation. The results can be attributed to acidity and a combination of meso and microporosity of the catalysts. The support composite material could also be produced as a monolith, being a promising candidate for future industrial applications.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
National Research Council (1992) Catalysis looks to the future. National Academy Press, Washington D.C., p. 1
Friend CM, Xu B (2017) Acc Chem Res 50:517–521
Arena BJ (1992) Appl Catal A 87:219–229
Maris EP, Ketchie WC, Oleshko V, Davis RJ (2016) J Phys Chem B 110:7869–7876
Ribeiro LS, Delgado JJ, Órfão JJM, Pereira MFR (2017) Appl Catal B 217:265–274
Romero A, Cantero DA, Nieto-Márquez A, Martínez C, Alonso E, Cocero MJ (2016) Green Chem 18:4051
Lazaridis PA, Karakoulia SA, Teodorescu C, Apostol N, Macovei D, Panteli A, Delimitis A, Coman SM, Parvulescu VI, Triantafyllidis KS (2017) Appl Catal B 214:1–14
Lazaridis PA, Karakoulia S, Delimitis A, Coman SM, Parvulescu VI, Triantafyllidis KS (2015) Catal Today 257:281–290
Mardhiah HH, Ong HC, Masjuki HH, Lim S, Pang YL (2017) Energy Convers Manag 144:10–17
Murzin DY, Murzina EV, Tokarev A, Shcherban ND, Wärnå J, Salmi T (2015) Catal Today 257:169–176
De S, Dutta S (2017) Saha Appl Catal B 214:1–14
Navarrete A, Muñoz S, Sanz-Moral LM, Brandner JJ, Pfeifer P, Martín Á, Dittmeyer R, Cocero MJ (2015) Faraday Discuss 183:249
Sanz-Moral LM, Romero A, Holz F, Rueda M, Navarrete A, Martín Á (2016) J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 65:515–521
Anderson ML, Stroud RM, Rolison DR (2002) Nano Lett 2:235–240
Zhong RY, Liao Y, Peng L, Iacobescu RI, Pontikes Y,. Shu L, Ma, Sels BF (2018) Ri. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:7859–7870
Van de Vyver S, Peng L, Geboers J, Schepers H, de Clippel F, Gommes CJ, Goderis B, Jacobs PA, Sels BF (2010) Green Chem 12:1560–1563
Kong Y, Zhong Y, Shen X, Cui S, Yang M, Teng K, Zhang J (2012) J Non-Cryst Solids 358:3150–3155
Sanz-Moral LM, Rueda M, Mato R, Martín Á (2014) J Supercrit Fluids 92:24–30
Kuusisto JP, Mikkola J-P, Sparv M, Wärnå J, Heikkilä H, Perälä R, Väyrynen J, Salmi T (2006) Ind Eng Chem Res 45:5900–5910
Sifontes Herrera VA, Oladele O, Kordás K, Eränen K, Mikkola JP, Murzin DY, Salmi T (2011) J Chem Technol Biotechnol 86:658–668
Murzin DY, Simakova OA, Simakova IL, Parmon VN (2011) React Kinet Mech Catal 104:59–266
Sanz-Moral LM, Navarrete A, Sturm G, Link G, Rueda M, Stefanidis G, Martín Á (2017) J Power Sources 353:131–137
Bedia J, Rosas JM, Márquez J, Rodríguez-Mirasol J, Cordero T (2009) Carbon 47:286–294
Morazzani V, Cantin JL, Ortega C, Pajot B, Rahbi R, Rosenbauer M, von Bardeleben HJ, Vazsonyi E (1996) E. Thin Solid Films 276:32–35
Sanz-Moral LM, Rueda M, Nieto A, Novak Z, Knez Z, Martín Á (2013) J Supercritical Fluids 84:74–79
Mermer NK, Karakas SB, Yilmaz MS (2015) J Sci 11:401–404
Wang Y, Wang D, Tan M, Jiang B, Zheng J, Tsubaki N, Wu M (2015) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:26767–26775
Saib AM, Moodley DJ, Ciobîc IM, Hauman MM, Sigwebela BH, Weststrate CJ, Niemantsverdriet JW, van de Loosdrecht J (2010) Catal Today 154:271–282
Aho A, Roggan S, Simakova OA, Salmi T, Murzin DY (2015) Catal Today 241:195–199
Thygesen A, Oddershede J, Lilholt H, Thomsen AB, Stahl K (2005) Cellulose 12:563–576
Mishra DK, Dabbawala AA, Park JJ, Jhung SH, Hwang JS (2014) Catal Today 232:99–107
Romero A, Alonso E, Sastre Á, Nieto-Márquez A (2016) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 224:1–8
This research has been financed by the Johan Gadolin Scholarships program from Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry Centre at Åbo Akademi University, by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through project ENE2014-53459-R and by the Isabel P. Trabal Scholarship from the Fundación Caja de Ingenieros.
About this article
Cite this article
Sanz-Moral, L.M., Aho, A., Kumar, N. et al. Synthesis and Characterization Ru–C/SiO2 Aerogel Catalysts for Sugar Hydrogenation Reactions. Catal Lett 148, 3514–3523 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-018-2556-4
- Sugar Hydrogenation
- Deposition Precipitation
- Separated Sugars
- Silica Aerogel
- Neat Substrate