Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 6, pp 1703–1713 | Cite as

Efficient Synthesis of Branched Polyamine Based Thermally Stable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Knoevenagel Condensation at Room Temperature

  • Haribandhu Chaudhuri
  • Radha Gupta
  • Subhajit Dash


In this paper, a new convenient strategy for the synthesis of polyethylenimine functionalized Si-MCM-41 grafted on surface modified graphene oxide has been developed. The as-synthesised catalyst exerts good catalytic activity and reusability toward Knoevenagel condensation of different substituted aromatic aldehydes with malononitrile and ethyl cyanoacetate. Moreover, it shows remarkable thermal stability. The physicochemical characteristics of the catalyst as probed by FTIR, XRD, N2 sorption isotherms, TGA, XPS, FESEM, TEM, and solid state 13C NMR analyses, were discussed to get an idea about the catalytic mechanism of Knoevenagel condensation.

Graphical Abstract


Si-MCM-41–PEI–GO catalyst Knoevenagel condensation Room temperature reaction Heterogeneous catalysis 



HC would like to thank SAIF, Punjab University, India for NMR facility.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2368_MOESM1_ESM.docx (958 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 957 KB)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Organic Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Applied ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

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