Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 5, pp 1525–1534 | Cite as

Reactivation of CoMo/Al2O3 Hydrotreating Catalysts by Citric Acid

  • Sergey V. Budukva
  • Oleg V. Klimov
  • Yuriy A. Chesalov
  • Igor P. Prosvirin
  • Tatyana V. Larina
  • Alexander S. Noskov
Article
  • 101 Downloads

Abstract

Commercial liquid-phase-sulfided type II CoMo/Al2O3 catalyst was reactivated after commercial operation and oxidative regeneration. For this purpose, the use of citric acid (CA) that reactivates a regenerated CoMo/Al2O3 catalyst was studied. The study of the reactivated catalyst was carried out by means of UV-DRS, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, XPS, and HTREM. The catalytic activity was estimated in the HDS of straight-run gasoil (SRGO). It was shown that the treatment of the catalyst with CA leads to the formation of a Co–Mo complex compound and significantly reduces the proportion of β-CoMoO4 and MoO3 in the catalyst. Eventually, this leads to the formation of CoMoS phase type II in a higher proportion enhancing the HDS catalytic properties.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Hydrotreating Processes and reactions Reactivation Citric acid Complex agents Diesel fuel 

Abbreviations

UV-DRS

Ultra-violet diffuse reflectance spectroscopy

XRD

X-ray diffraction

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

HRTEM

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy

BE

Binding energy

CA

Citric acid

HDS

Hydrodesulfurization

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was conducted within the framework of the budget project АААА-А17-117041710077-4 for Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of CatalysisNovosibirskRussia

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