Highly Selective Hydrogenation with Ionic Liquid Stabilized Nickel Nanoparticles
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Nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs) were conveniently synthesized from the reduction of nickel(II) salt with NaBH4 or hydrazine in the presence of the ionic liquid 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium (S)-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid salt. UV/Vis spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to characterize the interaction between the metal and the ionic liquid. The face-centered cubic structure of the Ni NPs(0) was confirmed by X-ray diffraction characterization. Transmission electron microscopy images revealed well-dispersed Ni particles of approximately 5.1 nm in average diameter. The ionic liquid immobilized Ni NPs were employed as highly efficient catalysts in chemoselective hydrogenation of quinoline and relevant compounds, as well as aromatic nitro compounds under mild reaction conditions. The Ni NPs can be efficiently recovered and reused.
KeywordsChemoselective hydrogenation Nanoparticles Ionic liquids Quinoline Nickel
This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21201184), Chongqing Technology and Business University (1751039) and Chongqing Key Laboratory of Catalysis and New Environmental Materials (CQCM-2016-02).