Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 4, pp 1162–1168 | Cite as

Iron Catalyzed CO2 Activation with Organosilanes

  • Tamara Jurado-Vázquez
  • Juventino J. GarcíaEmail author


Iron nanoparticles generated in situ from [Fe3(CO)12] catalyzed CO2 reduction in the presence of Et3SiH as a reductant and tetrabutylammonium fluoride as a promoter to yield silyl formate (1s) under relatively mild reaction conditions. Additionally, when CO2 hydrosilylation was carried out in water, the product of CO2 reduction was formic acid. Additionally, a similar reaction using [Fe3(CO)12] as a catalytic precursor, PhSiH3 as a reductant, and CO2 in the presence of amines allowed the immediate formation of ureas at room temperature. Here, CO2 acted as a C1 building block for value-added products.

Graphical Abstract


Carbon dioxide Reduction Silane Formate Iron Nanoparticles Urea Catalysis 



We thank CONACYT 178265 and PAPIIT-DGAPA-UNAM 202516 for their financial support of this work. T. J-V. thanks CONACYT (583731) for graduate studies grant. We also thank Dr. Alma Arévalo for her technical assistance.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2305_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (547 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 546 KB)


  1. 1.
    Poliakoff M, Leitner W, Streng ES (2015) Faraday Discuss 183:9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhanage BM, Arai M (2014) Transformation and utilization of carbon dioxide. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li Y, Cui X, Dong K, Junge K, Beller M (2017) ACS Catal 7:1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li Y-N, Ma R, He L-H, Diao Z-F (2014) Catal Sci Technol 4:1498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yang L, Wang H (2014) ChemSusChem 7:962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu Q, Wu L, Jackstell R, Beller M (2015) Nat Commun 6:1Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cokoja M, Bruckmeier C, Rieger B, Herrmann WA, Kühn FE (2011) Angew Chem Int 50:8510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pinaka A, Vougioukalakis GC (2015) Coord Chem Rev 288:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fong H. Peters JC (2015) Inorg Chem 54:5124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jin G, Werncke CG, Escudié Y, Sabo-Etienne S, Bontemps S (2015) J Am Chem Soc 137:9563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chen L, Guo Z, Wei X-G, Gallenkamp C, Bonin J, Anxolabéhère-Mallart E, Lau K-C, Lau T-C, Robert M (2015) J Am Chem Soc 137:10918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tai C-C, Chang T, Roller B, Jessop PG (2003) Inorg Chem 42:7340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fefersel C, Boddien A, Jackstell R, Jennerjahn R, Dyson PJ, Scopelliti R, Laurencz G, Beller M(2010) Angew Chem Int Ed 49:9777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bertini F, Grgas N, Stöger B, Peruzzini M, Veiron LF, Kirchner K, Gonsalvi L (2016) ACS Catal 6:2889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Langer R, Diskin-Posner Y, Leitus G, Shimon LJW, Ben-David Y, Milstein D (2011) Angew Chem Int Ed 50:9948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ziebart C, Federsel C, Anbarasan P, Jackstell R, Baumann W, Spannenberg A, Beller M (2012) J Am Chem Soc 134:20701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Frogneux X, Jacquet O, Cantat T (2014) Catal Sci Technol 4:1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rao H, Schmidt LC, Bonin J, Robert M (2017) Nature 548:74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bian J, Zhang Q, Zhang P, Feng L, Li C (2017) Catal Today 293:1596Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Do JY, Kwak BS, Park S-M, Kang M (2016) Int J Photoenergy 1:1Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jurado-Vázquez T, Ortiz-Cervantes C, García JJ (2016) J Organomet Chem 823:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gonzáles-Sebastián L, Flores-Alamo M, García J (2013) Organometallics 32:7186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Itagaki S, Yamaguchi K, Mizuno N (2013) J Mol Catal A 366:347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Huber DL (2005) Small 1:482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Crabtree RH (2012) Chem Rev 112:1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tsipis CA, Karipidis P. A (2005) J Phys Chem A 109:8560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fang C, Lu C, Liu M, Zhu Y, Fu Y, Lin B-L (2016) ACS Catal 6:7876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gonzáles-Sebastián L, Flores-Alamo M, García JJ (2015) Organometallics 34:763CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de QuímicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations