Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 2, pp 699–711 | Cite as

Nanostructured Zirconium Pyrophosphate Catalyzed Diastereoselective Synthesis of β-Amino Ketones via One-Pot Three-Component Mannich Reaction

  • Houda Maati
  • Othmane Amadine
  • Younes Essamlali
  • Aziz Fihri
  • Abdallah Rhihil
  • Christophe Len
  • Mohamed ZahouilyEmail author


In this study, ZrP2O7 catalytic nanomaterials were prepared by co-precipitation and polyvinylpyrrolidone assisted methods. These nanomaterials were structurally characterized by XRD, N2 adsorption/desorption, TGA, SEM and TEM microscopy techniques. This study investigated the application of these nanomaterials in the synthesis of various β-amino carbonyls via a one-pot-three-component condensation of aldehydes, ketones and amines. As a result, high efficiency was obtained in a water–ethanol mixed solvent at room temperature. Under the optimized conditions, the catalyst prepared via the PVP assisted method exhibited higher catalytic activity and higher diastereoselectivity when compared to the catalyst prepared by co-precipitation. Moreover, the ZrP2O7 catalysts were easily recovered and reused several times with only a slight loss of activity. At the conclusion of this study, a possible mechanism of the Mannich reaction over ZrP2O7 catalysts was also proposed and discussed.

Graphical abstract


Nanocatalyst Zirconium pyrophosphate Diastereoselectivity Mannich reaction β-amino ketones 



The financial assistance of the Moroccan Foundation for Advanced Science, Innovation and Research (MAScIR), towards this research is hereby acknowledged.

Supplementary material

10562_2017_2264_MOESM1_ESM.doc (818 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 818 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Houda Maati
    • 1
    • 2
  • Othmane Amadine
    • 1
  • Younes Essamlali
    • 1
  • Aziz Fihri
    • 1
  • Abdallah Rhihil
    • 2
  • Christophe Len
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mohamed Zahouily
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.MASCIR Foundation, Rabat DesignRabatMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Matériaux, Catalyse et Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles, URAC 24, FSTUniversité Hassan II-CasablancaMohammediaMorocco
  3. 3.PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech, CNRS, Institut de Recherche de Chimie ParisParisFrance
  4. 4.Sorbonne Universités, Université de Technologie Compiègne (UTC)Compiègne CedexFrance

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