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Hydrothermal Glucose Modified C/V-SiO2 as a Reusable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Benzene Oxidation to Phenol by O2

Abstract

The C/V-SiO2 samples were synthesized by the hydrothermal treatment of aqueous glucose and V-SiO2 that was pre-prepared by a sol–gel process. The samples were characterized by XRD, XPS, EPR, FT-IR, SEM, N2 adsorption–desorption. The results showed that in the hydrothermal process the V-SiO2 was covered by a rod-like carbonization material, and a small portion of V5+ species was reduced to V4+. The activity of the C/V-SiO2 in benzene hydroxylation with O2 was tested. The leaching of V from the C/V-SiO2 during the reaction was restrained because the surface of the V-SiO2 was covered with the carbonization material. The phenol selectivity of 100% and benzene conversion of 10.8% over C/V(3.9)-SiO2 were obtained, and the catalytic performance did not decreased after being recycled three times.

Graphical Abstract

The leaching of V from the C/V-SiO2 was restrained in the hydroxylation of benzene with O2 because the surface of V-SiO2 was covered with the carbonization material.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21576128, 21173110).

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Correspondence to Qi Sun.

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Gao, Y., Gao, Y., Shi, L. et al. Hydrothermal Glucose Modified C/V-SiO2 as a Reusable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Benzene Oxidation to Phenol by O2 . Catal Lett 147, 2799–2806 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-017-2198-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-017-2198-y

Keywords

  • Benzene hydroxylation
  • Vanadium
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Oxygen
  • Phenol