Novel catalysts for the selective production of higher alcohols from syngas could offer improved pathways towards synthetic fuels and chemicals. Cobalt–copper alloy catalysts have shown promising results for this reaction. To improve control over particle properties, a liquid phase nanoparticle synthesis based on the polyol method was selected to synthesize Co2.5Cu particles, which were then supported onto a variety of metal oxide supports (Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2). The catalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy before and after catalytic testing in a flow reactor at 250 °C and 40 bar. The results show alloyed phases were obtained using the polyol method, resulting in selectivity towards higher alcohols, as high as 11.3% when supported on alumina. Segregation of cobalt and the formation of cobalt carbide were observed in the catalysts after catalytic testing, which may limit performance compared to the desired alloy phase.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Chu S, Majumdar A (2012) Nature 488:294
Fang K, Li D, Lin M, Xiang M, Wei W, Sun Y (2009) Catal Today 147:133
Jones CW (2011) Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng 2:31
Alonso DM, Bond JQ, Dumesic JA (2010) Green Chem 12:1493
Kirubakaran V, Sivaramakrishnan V, Nalini R, Sekar T, Premalatha M, Subramanian P (2009) Renew Sust Energ Rev 13:179
Phillips S, Aden A, Jechura J, Dayton D, Eggeman T (2007) NREL/TP-510-41168
Spivey JJ, Egbebi A (2007) Chem Soc Rev 36:1514
Wang J, Liu Z, Zhang R, Wang B (2014) J Phys Chem C 118:22691
Chen G, Guo CY, Zhang X, Huang Z, Yuan G (2011) Fuel Process Technol 92:456
Hilmen AM, Xu M, Gines MJL, Iglesia E (1998) Appl Catal A 169:355
Gupta M, Smith ML, Spivey JJ (2011) ACS Catal 1:641
Takeuchi K, Matsukaki T, Arakawa H, Sugi Y (1985) Appl Catal 18:325
Fujimoto K, Oba T (1985) Appl Catal 13:289
Morrill MR, Thao NT, Shou H, Davis RJ, Barton DG, Ferrari D, Agrawal PK, Jones CW (2013) ACS Catal 3:1665
Subramani V, Gangwal SK (2008) Energ Fuel 22:814
Courty P, Durand D, Freund E, Sugier A (1982) J Mol Catal 17:241
Chaumette P, Verdon C, Cruypelinck D (1994) U.S. Pat. 5302622 A, assigned to Institut Francais Du Petrole
Volkova GG, Yurieva TM, Plyasova LM, Naumova MI, Zaikovskii VI (2000) J Mol Catal A 158:389
Tsai Y-T, Mo X, Goodwin JG (2012) J Catal 285:242–250
Subramanian ND, Balaji G, Kumar CSSR, Spivey JJ (2009) Catal Today 147:100
Wang J, Chernavskii PA, Wang Y, Khodakov AY (2013) Fuel 103:1111
Mahdavi V, Peyrovi MH, Islami M, Mehr JY (2005) Appl Catal A 281:259
Wang J, Chernavskii PA, Khodakov AY, Wang Y (2012) J Catal 286:51
Mouaddib N, Perrichon V, Martin GA (1994) Appl Catal A 118:63
Prieto G, Beijer S, Smith ML, He M, Au Y, Wang Z, Bruce DA, del Jong KP, Spivey JJ, del Jongh PE (2014) Angew Chem Int Edit 53:6397
Xu XC, Su J, Tian P, Fu D, Dai W, Mao W, Yuan WK, Xu J, Han YF (2015) J Phys Chem C 119:216
Medford AJ, Lausche AC, Abild-Pedersen F, Temel B, Schjødt NC, Nørskov JK, Studt F (2013) Top Catal 57:135
Xiao K, Xingzhen Q, Bao Z, Wang X, Zhong L, Fang K, Lin M, Sun Y (2013) Catal Sci Technol 3:1591
Cao A, Liu G, Yue Y, Zhang L, Liu Y (2015) RSC Adv 5:58804
Baker JE, Burch R, Golunski SE (1989) Appl Catal 53:279
Fang YZ, Liu Y, Zhang LH (2011) Appl Catal A 397:183
Yang Y, Qi X, Wang X, Lv D, Yu F, Zhong L, Wang H, Sun Y (2016) Catal Today 270:101
Wang Z, Kumar N, Spivey JJ (2016) J Catal 339:1
Carenco S, Tuxen A, Chintapalli M, Pach E, Escudero C, Ewers TD, Jiang P, Borondics F, Thornton G, Alivisatos AP, Bluhm H, Guo J, Salmeron M (2013) J Phys Chem C 117:6259
Ahmed J, Ganguly A, Saha S, Gupta G, Trinh P, Mugweru AM, Lofland SE, Ramanujachary KV, Ganguli AK (2011) J Phys Chem C 115:14526
Kurihara LK, Chow GM, Schoen PE (1995) Nanostruct Mater 5:607
Tzitzios V, Niarchos D, Margariti G, Fidler J, Petridis D (2005) Nanotechnology 16:287
Silvert PY, Herrera-Urbina R, Duvauchelle N, Vijayakrishnan V, Elhsissen KT (1996) J Mater Chem 6:573
Carroll KJ, Reveles JU, Shultz MD, Khanna SN, Carpenter EE (2011) J Phys Chem C 115:2656
Denton AR, Ashcroft NW (1991) Phys Rev A 43:3161
Palumbo M, Curiotto S, Battezzati L (2006) Calphad 30:171
Li G, Wang Q, Li D, Lü X, He J (2008) Phys Lett A 372:6764
Primary support by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Basic Energy Sciences to the SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis is gratefully acknowledged. Support for Laiza V.P. Mendes was provided by the Capes Foundation and Science without Borders Program (Brazil). Support for Jonathan L. Snider was provided by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE-114747. Sample characterization (TEM, XRD, and XPS) was performed at the Stanford Nano Shared Facilities (SNSF) at Stanford University, supported by the National Science Foundation under award ECCS-1542152.
Laiza V.P. Mendes and Jonathan L. Snider have contributed equally to this work.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Mendes, L.V.P., Snider, J.L., Fleischman, S.D. et al. Polyol Synthesis of Cobalt–Copper Alloy Catalysts for Higher Alcohol Synthesis from Syngas. Catal Lett 147, 2352–2359 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-017-2130-5
- CO hydrogenation
- Higher alcohols synthesis