Catalysis Letters

, Volume 144, Issue 7, pp 1197–1209 | Cite as

Baeyer–Villiger Oxidation of Aromatic Aldehydes Catalysed by Zirconium Phosphates Intercalated with Ionic Liquids

  • Graça M. S. R. O. RochaEmail author
  • Cristina M. T. Amador


Crystalline α-zirconium phosphate intercalated with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride or 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, and crystalline γ-zirconium phosphate intercalated with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride were synthesised, characterized and evaluated as selective catalysts in the Baeyer–Villiger oxidation of p-methoxybenzaldehyde, o-methoxybenzaldehyde and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde by hydrogen peroxide, in glacial acetic acid or without solvent. The best selectivities of p-methoxyphenol (100 %), o-methoxyphenol (95 %) and 2,4,6-trimethylphenol (55 %) were achieved without solvent and are explained by the properties and structure of each catalyst.

Graphical Abstract


Baeyer–Villiger oxidations Metal phosphates Intercalated metal phosphates Ionic liquids Selectivity 



The authors would like to thank Professor Maria da Graça Neves and Dr. Mário Simões for fruitful discussions and to the Chemistry Department, University of Aveiro, for support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graça M. S. R. O. Rocha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristina M. T. Amador
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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