Catalysis Letters

, Volume 143, Issue 7, pp 642–650 | Cite as

First Steps on the Way to a Modular Concept for the Preparation of Carbon Based Catalysts

  • Reni Walter
  • Olaf Klepel
  • Thomas Erler
  • Michael Bron
  • Paula Niebrzydowska
  • Anna Wach
  • Piotr Kuśtrowski
Article

Abstract

The preparation of carbon based catalysts following a modular concept has been investigated. A template assisted route was applied to obtain catalysts exhibiting different fractions of graphitic species while retaining their mesoporosity. The carbon materials were characterized by means of low temperature nitrogen adsorption, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The synthesized replicas were tested as catalysts in oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene and electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction. The role of the different carbon species, namely amorphous carbon, small graphitic crystallites, and large graphitic crystallites in the catalytic behavior was discussed.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Heterogeneous catalysis Catalysis Dehydrogenation Processes and reactions Nanostructure 

References

  1. 1.
    Grunewald GC, Drago RS (1990) J Mol Catal 58:227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pereira MFR, Órfão JJM, Figueiredo JL (1999) Appl Catal A184:153Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Keller N, Maksimova NI, Roddatis VV, Schur M, Mestl G, Butenko YV et al (2002) Angew Chem Int Ed 41:1885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Badstube T, Papp H, Dziembaj R, Kustrowski P (2000) Appl Catal A204:153Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Maciá-Agulló JA, Cazorla-Amorós D, Linares-Solano A, Wild U, Su DS, Schlögl R (2005) Catal Today 102–103:248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Biddinger EJ, Deak D, Ozkan US (2009) Top Catal 52:1566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jaouen F, Proietti E, Lefevre M, Chenitz R, Dodelet JP, Wu G et al (2011) Energy Environ Sci 1:114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schilling T, Okunola A, Masa J, Schuhmann W, Bron M (2012) Electrochim Acta 55:7597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bron M, Fiechter S, Hilgendorff M, Bogdanoff P (2002) J Appl Electrochem 32:211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Matter PH, Zhang L, Ozkan U (2006) J Catal 239:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jaouen F, Dodelet JP (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:5963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Garsuch A, Michaud X, Wagner G, Klepel O, Dahn JR (2009) Electrochim Acta 54:1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Garsuch A, d’Eon R, Dahn T, Klepel O, Garsuch RR, Dahn JR (2008) J Electrochem Soc 155:B236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schlögl R (2008) In: Ertl G, Knözinger GH, Schüth F, Weitkamp J (eds) Handbook of heterogeneous catalysis, vol 1. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim and literature cited hereinGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Woods MP, Biddinger EJ, Matter PH, Mirkelamoglu B, Ozkan US (2010) Catal Lett 136:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rodriguez NM (1993) J Mater Res 8:3233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Xia Y, Yang Z, Mokaya R (2012) Nanoscale 2:639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kyotani T, Ma Z, Tomita A (2003) Carbon 41:1451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Günther D, Beckmann J, Schöneich M, Schmidt P, Klepel O (2012) Carbon 50:3092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Günther D, Klepel O (2013) Chemie Ingenieur Technik (in press)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang L, Delgado JJ, Frank B, Zhang Z, Shan Z, Su DS, Xiao FS (2012) ChemSusChem 5:687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sing KSW, Everett DH, Haul RAW, Moscou L, Pierotti RA, Rouquerol J et al (1985) Pure Appl Chem 157:603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Knox JH, Kaur B (1986) J Chromatogr 352:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Biscoe J, Warren BE (1942) J Appl Phys 13:364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Müller JO, Su DS, Jenthoft RE, Kröhnert J, Jenthoft FC, Schlögl R (2005) Catal Today 102–103:259CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reni Walter
    • 1
  • Olaf Klepel
    • 1
  • Thomas Erler
    • 2
  • Michael Bron
    • 2
  • Paula Niebrzydowska
    • 3
  • Anna Wach
    • 3
  • Piotr Kuśtrowski
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Natural SciencesLausitz University of Applied SciencesSenftenbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences IIMartin-Luther-University HalleHalle (Saale)Germany
  3. 3.Faculty of ChemistryJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland

Personalised recommendations