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Mixed MgAl Oxide Supported Potassium Promoted Molybdenum Sulfide as a Selective Catalyst for Higher Alcohol Synthesis from Syngas

MoS2/K2CO3 on Mixed Metal Oxides for Higher Alcohol Synthesis

Abstract

A Mg/Al mixed metal oxide material (MMO) is introduced as a support for K2CO3 promoted MoS2 in CO hydrogenation reactions at 310 °C and 1,500 psig. The catalyst is shown to be more selective for C2–C4 linear alcohols (substantially so for C3–C4 linear alcohols) than for methanol and offers good alcohol to hydrocarbon selectivity. Methanol selectivity of the MMO supported catalyst deviates greatly from the Anderson–Shultz–Flory distribution.

Graphical Abstract

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Notes

  1. 1.

    There are several views on the appropriate H2S concentration for catalytic higher alcohol synthesis using MoS2-based materials. Stevens et al. [34] stated that H2S levels below 100 ppm would not significantly affect the structure of MoS2 materials and that at levels above that concentration “no advantage is realized.” However, Christensen et al. [47] indicate that H2S concentrations above 100 ppm cause the catalyst to stabilize more quickly and improve productivity, while simultaneously leading to higher hydrocarbon selectivities. Given this study’s goal to obtain high alcohol selectivities while minimizing hydrocarbons, 50 ppm H2S in the syngas feed was used.

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Acknowledgements

The authors express gratitude to The Dow Chemical Company for financial support of this work.

Author information

Correspondence to Pradeep K. Agrawal or Christopher W. Jones.

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Morrill, M.R., Thao, N.T., Agrawal, P.K. et al. Mixed MgAl Oxide Supported Potassium Promoted Molybdenum Sulfide as a Selective Catalyst for Higher Alcohol Synthesis from Syngas. Catal Lett 142, 875–881 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-012-0827-z

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Keywords

  • Syngas
  • Higher Alcohols
  • Molybdenum Sulfide
  • Mixed Metal Oxide
  • Hydrotalcite