Catalysis Letters

, Volume 118, Issue 1–2, pp 50–54

Liquid phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride over nickel catalyst supported on ZrO2–SiO2 composite aerogels



The promotional effects of ZrO2 on Ni/ZrO2–SiO2 catalysts were investigated by the comparison of Ni/SiO2 and Ni/ZrO2–SiO2 activity in the hydrogenation of maleic anhydride (MA) to γ-butyrolactone (GBL), and by the measurements of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and ammonia temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD). The presence of ZrO2 led to an obvious increase of GBL yield. The promotion effect could be attributed to the possible presence of Zr4+ species on the catalyst surface owing to the higher ionicity of the Zr–O bonds, and to the proper interaction of Ni with the ZrO2-SiO2 support that is regulated by the presence of ZrO2.


ZrO2–SiO2 composite aerogels γ-butyrolactone hydrogenation of maleic anhydride nickel 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanxi UniversityShanxi, TaiyuanP.R. China
  2. 2.Institute of Advanced ChemistryShanxi UniversityShanxi, TaiyuanP.R. China

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