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How is School Climate Related to Adolescent Prosocial Behavior? A Moderated Mediation Analysis

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The positive effect of school climate on adolescents’ prosocial behavior is supported in literature, but the influencing mechanisms in this association remain unclear. The current study uses a moderated mediation model to examine the potential mediation of self-identity, social dominance, and social competence, and moderation of gender in the link between school climate and adolescents’ prosocial behavior. A valid sample of students (n = 659, Mage = 15.09 years) are requested to complete questionnaires and scales to measure school climate, self-identity, social dominance, social competence, and prosocial behavior in Jiangsu Province, China in 2021. The relationship between school climate and prosocial behavior is mediated by self-identity and social competence but not by social dominance. A significant gender difference is observed regarding the association of self-identity and social dominance with prosocial behavior. Findings contribute to the further understanding of how school climate predicts adolescent prosocial behavior, and provide practical implications for social work programs to promote students’ prosocial behaviors.

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Data Availability

The datasets analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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We want to thank all the participants in the present study.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Authors and Affiliations



Zhiyou Wang and Chunkai Li designed the study. Zhiyou Wang and Chunkai Li administered the survey, collected data, performed the statistical analysis.Zhiyou Wang and Zhe Xie wrote the manuscript. All authors discussed the research ideas, literature review, methodology and interpretation of the data. All authors agreed the submission of the manuscript in current version.

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Correspondence to Chunkai Li.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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The authors declare that they have on conflict of interest.

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Wang, Z., Xie, Z. & Li, C. How is School Climate Related to Adolescent Prosocial Behavior? A Moderated Mediation Analysis. Child Adolesc Soc Work J (2024).

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