Parent Perspectives on Intensive Intervention for Child Maltreatment

Abstract

Multi-level intervention, based on an ecological perspective, has been promoted at the preferred model of providing parenting support to high-risk families. However, parent views regarding such interventions have not been determined. Focus groups consisting of 24 parents who had recently completed an intensive parenting program yielded results supporting multi-level interventions but highlighting processes rather than content within such programs as well as the reciprocal effect of particular level interventions. Processes identified at intervention levels included Affirming Parent Self-Worth, Non-Directive Instruction, Promoting Social Connections, and Empowering Communication. Increased understanding of and attending to processes in intensive intervention with high-risk families is indicated.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Aikin, B. A., & Gregoire, T. K. (1997). Parents’ views on child welfare’s response to addiction. Families in Society The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 393–404

  2. Allen-Meares P., Fraser M. W. (2004). Intervention with children and adolescents: An interdisciplinary perspective Boston: Pearson

    Google Scholar 

  3. Balgopal, P., Patchner, M., & Henderson, C. (1988). Home visits: An effective strategy for engaging in involuntary client. Family Perspectives in Child and Youth Services, 65–76

  4. Barnett D. (1997). The effects of early intervention on maltreating parents and their children In: Guralnick M. J. (Ed.) The effectiveness of early intervention. Paul H. Brooks Publishing Co. Baltimore, MA pp. 147–170

    Google Scholar 

  5. Belsky J. (1993). Etiology of child maltreatment: A developmental-ecological analysis Psychological Bulletin 114(3): 413–434

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Berry M. (1997). The family at risk: Issues and trends in family preservation services University of South Carolina Press Columbia, SC

    Google Scholar 

  7. Brodsky A. E. (1996). Resilient single mothers in risky neighborhoods: Negative psychological sense of community Journal of Community Psychology 24: 347–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Brofenbrenner U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design Harvard University Press Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

  9. Brofenbrenner U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context to human development: Research perspectives Development Psychology 22: 723–742

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Brunk M., Henggeler S. W., Whelan J. P. (1987). A comparison of multisystemic therapy and parent training in the brief treatment of child abuse and neglect Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 55: 311–318

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Chaffin M., Bonner B. L., Hill R. F. (2001). Family preservation and family support programs: Child maltreatment outcomes across client risk levels and program types Child Abuse & Neglect 25(10): 1269–1289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Chapman M. V., Gibbons C. B., Barth R. P., McCrae J. S. (2003). Parental views of in-home services: What predicts satisfaction with child welfare workers? Child Welfare 82(5): 571–596

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Christmas A., Wodarski J., Smokowski P. (1996). Risk factors for physical child abuse: A practical guide Family Therapy 23: 233–247

    Google Scholar 

  14. Corcoran J., Nichols-Casebolt A. (2004). Risk and resilience ecological framework for assessment and goal formulation Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 21(3): 211–235

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Cowen P. S., Reed D. A. (2002). Effects of respite care for children with developmental disabilities: Evaluation of an intervention for at risk families Public Health Nursing 19(4): 272–283

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Dawson K., Berry M. (2002). Engaging families in child welfare services: An evidence-based approach to best services Child Welfare 81(2): 293–317

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Dore M., Lee J. (1999). The role of parent training with abusive and neglectful parents Family Relations 48(3): 313–325

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Dunst C. J. (1997). Conceptual and empirical foundations of family-centered practice In: Illback R. J., Cobb C. T., Joseph H. M. J. (Eds.) Integrated services for children and families: Opportunities for psychological practice) American Psychological Association Washington, DC pp. 75–91

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  19. Fraser M. W. (2004a). The ecology of childhood: A multisystems perspective In: Fraser M. W. (Ed.) Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective 2nd ed., NASW Press Washington, DC pp. 1–12

    Google Scholar 

  20. Fraser M. W. (2004b). Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective 2nd ed. NASW Press Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  21. Fraser M. W., Galinsky M. J. (2004). Risk and resilience in childhood: Toward an evidence-based model of practice In: Fraser M. W. (Ed.) Risk and resilience in childhood: Toward an ecological perspective NASW Press Washington, DC pp. 385–402

    Google Scholar 

  22. Fraser M. W., Pecora P. J., Haapala D. A. (1991). Family preservation services to prevent out-of-home placement: The family-based intensive treatment project In: Fraser M. W., Pecora P. J., Haapala D. A. (Eds.) Families in crisis: The impact of intensive family preservation services Aldine De Gruyter New York pp. 1–16

    Google Scholar 

  23. Gershater-Molko R. M., Lutzker J. R., Sherman J. A. (2002). Intervention in child neglect: An applied behavioral perspective Aggression and Violent Behaviour 7: 103–124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Gershater-Molko R. M., Lutzker J. R., Wesch D. (2002). Project SafeCare: Improving health, safety, and parenting skills in families reported for, and at-risk for child maltreatment Journal of Family Violence 18(6): 377–386

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Guteman N. B. (2001). Stopping child maltreatment before it starts: Emerging horizons in early home visitation services Sage Thousand Oaks, CA

    Google Scholar 

  26. Haapala D. A., Pecora P. J., Fraser M. W. (1991). Implications for practice, policy, research and the future In: Fraser M. W., Pecora P. J., Haapala D. A. (Eds.) Families in crisis: The impact of intensive family preservation services Aldine De Gruyter New York pp. 289–312

    Google Scholar 

  27. Heinonen T., Spearman L. (2001). Social work practice: Problem solving and beyond Irwin Toronto

    Google Scholar 

  28. Huebner C. E. (2002). Evaluation of a clinic-based parent education program to reduce the risk of infant and toddler maltreatment Public Health Nursing 19(5): 77–389

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Kapp S. A., Propp J. (2002). Client satisfaction methods: Input from parents with children in foster care Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 19(3): 227–245

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Lewis R. E. (1991). What elements of service relate to treatment goal achievement In: Fraser M. W., Pecora P. J., Haapala D. A. (Eds.) Families in crisis: The impact of intensive family preservation services Aldine De Gruyter New York pp. 225–271

    Google Scholar 

  31. Lovell, M. L., & Richey, C.A. (1991). Implementing agency-based social-support skill training. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 563–572

  32. Lutzker J. R., Bigelow K. M. (2002). Reducing child maltreatment: A guidebook for parent services Guilford New York

    Google Scholar 

  33. Lutzker J. R., Bigelow K. M., Doctor R. M., Kessler M. L. (1998). Safety, health care, and bonding within an ecobehavioral approach to treating and preventing child abuse and neglect Journal of Family Violence 13(2): 163–185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Middlemiss W. (2005). Prevention and intervention: Using resiliency-based multi-setting approaches and a process-orientation Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 22(1): 85–103

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Miller-Perrin C. L., Perrin R. D. (1999). Child maltreatment: An introduction Sage Thousand Oaks, CA

    Google Scholar 

  36. Milner J. S., Gold R. G., Wimberley R. C. (1986). Prediction and explanation of child abuse: Cross-validation of the child abuse potential inventory Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 54(6): 65–866

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Nash J. K., Randolph K. A. (2004). Methods in the analysis of risk and protective factors: Lessons from epidemiology In: Fraser M. W. (Eds.) Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective 2nd ed., NASW Press Washington, DC pp. 67–87

    Google Scholar 

  38. Pecora P. J., Bartlome J. A., Magana V. L., Sperry C. K. (1991). How consumers view intensive family preservation services In: Fraser M. W., Pecora P. J., Haapala D. A. (Eds.) Families in crises: The impact of intensive family preservation services) Aldine De Gruyter New York pp. 273–288

    Google Scholar 

  39. Reppucci N. D., Britner P. A., Woolard J. L., Cook S. L. (1997). Parent education and family support for the prevention of child maltreatment In: Reppucci N. D., Britner P. A., Woolard J. L. (Eds.) Preventing child abuse and neglect through parent education Paul H. Brooks Publishing Co. Baltimore, MA pp. 7–21

    Google Scholar 

  40. Ribner D. S., Cigal K.-P. (2002). Client’s view of a successful helping relationship Social Work 47(4): 379–387

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  41. Strauss A., Corbin J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques Sage Newbury Park, CA

    Google Scholar 

  42. Taban N., Lutzker J. R. (2001). Consumer evaluation of an ecobehavioral program for prevention and intervention of child maltreatment Journal of Family Violence 16(3): 323–330

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Thomlison B. (2003). Characteristics of evidence-based child maltreatment interventions Child Welfare 83(5): 541–569

    Google Scholar 

  44. Thomlison B. (2004). Child maltreatment: A risk and protective factor perspective In: Fraser M. W. (Eds.) Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective 2nd ed., NASW Press Washington, DC pp. 89–131

    Google Scholar 

  45. Thornberry T. P., Lizotte A. J., Krohn M. D., Farnsworth M., Jang S. J. (1991). Testing interactional theory: An examination of reciprocal causal relationships among family, school, and delinquency Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 82(1): 3–35

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Trocme, N., MacLaurin, B., Fallon, B., Daciuk, J., Billingsly, D., Tourgny, M., et al. (2001). Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect-Final report (No. H49-151/2000E). Ottawa, ON: Minister of Public Works and Government Services

  47. Trotter C. (2001). Worker skill and client outcome in child protection Child Abuse Review 11: 38–50

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NCOCAAN (1996). Child maltreatment 1994: Reports from the states to the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

  49. Ware J. E., Snyder M. K., Wright W. R., Davies A. R. (1983). Defining and measuring patient satisfaction with medical care Evaluation and Program Planning 6: 247–263

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Winfield H. R., Barlow J. A. (1995). Client and worker satisfaction in a child protection agency Child Abuse & Neglect 19(8): 897–905

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

The Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada provided financial support for this project through funding the Consortium on Health, Intervention, Learning and Development (CHILD) under the directorship of Dr. Hillel Goelman, UBC.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mary Russell MSW, Ph.D..

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Russell, M., Gockel, A. & Harris, B. Parent Perspectives on Intensive Intervention for Child Maltreatment. Child Adolesc Soc Work J 24, 101–120 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-006-0068-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Child maltreatment
  • Child protection
  • Parenting