Illicit drug use and rates of HIV infection among youth have increased over the past decade, indicating the need effective substance use and HIV prevention programs. Particularly at risk are minority youth living in poor urban environments. This study examines effectiveness of an innovative prevention program that blends the “All Star” substance abuse prevention model with the “Popular Opinion Leader” model for HIV prevention. In general, the results indicate non-significant increases in drug and sex risk, behavior and significant positive changes and trends in related areas (i.e., changes in perception, self esteem) thought to be related to drug use and risky sexual behavior.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Trends in sexual risk behaviors among high school students – United States, 1991–2001 Mobility and Mortality Weekly Report 51(38):856–859
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2001). HIV infection cases reported through 2001. At http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/hasr l032/table8.htm
Chesney M. A., (1994). Prevention of HIV and STD infections Prevention Medicine 23:655–660
Dennis M. L., Dawud-Noursi S., Muck R. D., McDermeit M., (2003). The need for developing and evaluating adolescent treatment models. In: S. J. Stevens, A. R. Morral, (Eds.) Adolescent substance abuse treatment in the United States: Exemplary models from a national evaluation study Binghamton NY The Haworth Press 3–34
Dennis, M. L., & McGeary, K. A. (1999). Adolescent alcohol and marijuana treatment: Kids need it now. TIE Communiqué (pp. 10–12). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
Hansen W. B., (2002). Prevention evaluation strategies for substance abuse prevention. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 22(4):409–436
Hanson W. B., McNeal R. B., (2001). Self-initiated cessation from substance use: A longitudinal study of the relationship between postulated mediators and quitting Journal of Drug Issues 31(4):957–976
Harrington N. G., Giles S. M., Hoyle R. H., Feeney G. J., Yungbluth S. C., (2001). Evaluation of the All Stars Education and Problem Behavior Prevention Program: Effects on mediator and outcome variables for middle school students Health Education & Behavior 28(5):533–546
Kelly J. A., (1992). AIDS prevention: Strategies the work The AIDS Reader (July–August):135–141
Kelly J. A., (1994). The effects of HIV/AIDS intervention groups for high risk women in urban cities American Journal of Public Health 84:1918–1922
Kelly J. A., St. Lawrence J. S., Diaz Y. E., (1991). HIV risk behavior reduction following intervention with key opinion leaders of population Journal of Public Health 81:168–171
McCormick A., McKay M. M., McKinney M., McKinney W., McKinney L., Paikoff R., Bell C., Baptiste D., Coleman D., Gillming G., Madison S., Scott R., (2000). Involving families in an urban HIV prevention intervention: How community collaboration addresses barriers to participation AIDS Education and Prevention 12(4):299–307
McNeal R. B., Hanson W. B., (1999). Developmental patterns associated with the onset of drug use: Changes in postulated mediators during adolescents Journal of Drug Issues 29(2):381–400
Perrino T., Gonźalez-Soldevilla A., Pantin H., Szapocnik J., (2000). The role of families and adolescent HIV prevention: A review Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 3(2):81–96
Santelli J. S., Lowry R., Brener N. D., Robin L., (2000). The association of sexual behaviors with socioeconomic status, family structure, and race/ethnicity among US adolescents American Journal of Public Health 90(10):1582–1588
Shaird, L. L., Casillas, G. N., Milden, L., Estrada, B. D., & Stevens S. J. (2002). Tucson teens: The process & outcome findings for adolescents enrolled in a CSAT funded HIV & STD Prevention Program. Presented at the US – HIV/AIDS Border Conference, Tucson, AZ., September 9–11, 2002
Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation (SAAF) (2002). Check yourself: Implementation guide Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation Tucson, AZ
Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation (SAAF) (1998). Substance abuse prevention/HIV care targeted capacity expansion cooperative agreement: African-American, Hispanic and other ethnic minority Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation Tucson, AZ
Stevens, S. J. (2003). Adolescent treatment models: Program and client descriptions, outcome findings, instrumentation, and gender issues. Presented at the State Systems Development Program VI conference, Washington D.C., November 20–22, 2003
Stevens S. J., Estrada A. L., Estrada B. D., (2000). HIV drug and sex risk behaviors among Native American drug users: Gender and site differences Journal of American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research 9(1):33–46
Stevens S. J., Estrada A. L., Glider P. J., McGrath R., (1998). Ethnic and cultural differences in drug using women who are in and out of treatment Drugs & Society 13(1/2):81–96
Stevens, S. J., & Garcia, P. (2001). Treatment outcomes among Latino and non-Latino adolescent substance abusers enrolled in a Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Program. Presented at the National Association for Chicana and Chicano Studies, Tucson, AZ., April 4–10, 2001
Tapert S. F., Aarons G. A., Sedlar G. R., Brown S. A., (2001). Adolescent substance use and sexual risk-taking behavior Journal of Adolescent Health 28:181–189
Sally Stevens and Velia Leybas-Amedia are affiliated with the Southwest Institute for Research on Women, University of Arizona. Beth Bourdeau is affiliated with the Pima Prevention Partnership, Tucson, AZ. Lovelle McMichael and Alan Nyitray are affiliated with the Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation, Tucson, AZ.
Financial assistance for this project was provided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention Grant# SP08916. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect official positions of the government.
The Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation and the authors would like to acknowledge the staff at the Tucson Urban League Academy Charter School and Luz Social Services Charter School for their assistance and support of the Check Yourself Youth Team prevention project.
About this article
Cite this article
Stevens, S., Leybas-Amedia, V., Bourdeau, B. et al. Blending Prevention Models: An Effective Substance Use and HIV Prevention Program for Minority Youth. Child Adolesc Soc Work J 23, 4 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-005-0027-4
- Substance Use