Does Helium Have a Cryogenic Future?

If there were a list of endangered chemical elements, then helium would be one of the top ten most critical. Along with silver, zinc, and germanium, helium will practically be exhausted on the planet by the end of the XXIst century. Moreover, helium is the only gaseous element on the list. The unique physical and chemical properties of helium make it irreplaceable in scientific research, medicine, power engineering, aerospace, and defense sectors. Helium has a right to be considered mankind’s most important strategic resource.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    G. K. Lavrenchenko and V. N. Utkin, “Can a helium deficit be avoided?” Tekh. Gazy, No. 3, 2–11 (2013).

  2. 2.

    Yu. M. Simonenko, “Heavenly helium (sketches of a XXIInd century scenario),” Gasword, No. 26, 18–19 (2013).

  3. 3.

    W. J. Nuttall, R. H. Clarke, and B. A. Glowacki (eds.), The Future of Helium as a Natural Resource, Routledge, London and New York (2012).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    V. P. Yakutseni, Problems of Exploitation of Eastern Siberian Helium Resources, www.yakutseni.ru/nauchnietrudy/statyi/120-problemy-osvoenija-resursov-vostochno-sibirskogo-gelija/default.htm.

  5. 5.

    V. L. Bondarenko and Yu. M. Simonenko, Cryogenic Technology for Extraction of Rare Gases, Izd. Tsentr, Odessa (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    V. L. Bondarenko, A. A. Lushchik, A. G. Andreev, and T. V. D′yachenko, “Condensation systems for enriching a Ne–He mixture and a test of their implementation at Nizhnetagil Metallurgical Combine,” Tekh. Gazy, No. 6, 66–70 (2009).

  7. 7.

    V. L. Bondarenko, A. P. Grafov, M. Yu. Kupriyanov, et al., “Optimization of 3He extraction from natural helium,” Tekh. Gazy, No. 6, 47–53 (2012).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yu. M. Simonenko.

Additional information

Translated from Khimicheskoe i Neftegazovoe Mashinostroenie, No. 10, pp. 39–44, October, 2015.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Simonenko, Y.M., Bondarenko, A.V., Chigrin, A.A. et al. Does Helium Have a Cryogenic Future?. Chem Petrol Eng 51, 707–713 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10556-016-0109-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • helium
  • helium extraction
  • natural resources
  • energy costs for helium production
  • nuclear synthesis
  • stable isotope 3He