A procedure is outlined for determination of the basic dimensions of falling-film evaporators, which will result in their rational design. It is proposed to calculate the basic dimensions of the evaporator as a function of various factors such as the reflux density of the pipes containing the solution, steam separation, and heat losses. These factors determine the operating efficiency of both the vessel, and the evaporator on the whole. Recommendations for selection of the rational diameter and length of the heating tubes for falling-film vessels under different operating conditions are cited as an example.
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Ronkin, V.M. Improvement in operating efficiency of falling-film evaporators. Chem Petrol Eng 48, 540–545 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10556-013-9654-3
- evaporation systems
- falling-film evaporators
- heating tubes
- reflux density
- evaporated water
- dual-phase flow
- steam separation
- diameter and length of tubes
- heat losses