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Evaluation of a novel 2D perfusion angiography technique independent of pump injections for assessment of interventional treatment of peripheral vascular disease

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To evaluate a novel 2D-perfusion angiography (2D-PA) technique allowing pro- and retrospective flow analysis based on a proximal reference region of interest (ROI) and distal target ROI in patients treated for peripheral arterial disease. 2D-PA allows quantifying blood flow by post-processing of digital subtraction angiography (DSA). 2D-PA was performed pre and post interventional treatment of peripheral arterial disease (PAD; n = 24; 13 angioplasties, 11 stents) in 21 patients (17 men, 72 ± 9y) with Fontaine stage IIB / III. Time-to-peak (TTP), peak density (PD) and area-under-the-curve (AUC) were calculated. Ratios reference/target ROI (TTPOUTFLOW/TTPINFLOW; PDOUTFLOW/PDINFLOW; AUCOUTFLOW/AUCINFLOW) were calculated and correlated to changes in the ankle-brachial-index (ABI). 2D-PA was technically feasible in all cases. A significant increase in ABI was seen after interventional treatment (+39%; p < 0.0001). ABI increase was accompanied by an increase of 36% of PDOUTFLOW/PDINFLOW (p < 0.0001), a 52% decrease of TTPOUTFLOW/TTPINFLOW (p = 0.0007) and a 69% increase of AUCOUTFLOW/AUCINFLOW (p < 0.0001). The difference of TTP pre- and post-intervention showed a correlation with the difference in ABI (r = −0.53, p = 0.0081). The other measured parameters failed to demonstrate significant correlation with improved ABI. The presented 2D-PA technique allows quantitative assessment of arterial flow before, during and after interventional treatment in PAD.

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2D-Perfusion angiography


Ankle-brachial index




Digital subtraction angiography


Interventional radiology


Peripheral arterial disease


Peak density


Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty


Region of interest




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Correspondence to Jan B. Hinrichs.

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Hinrichs, J.B., Murray, T., Akin, M. et al. Evaluation of a novel 2D perfusion angiography technique independent of pump injections for assessment of interventional treatment of peripheral vascular disease. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 33, 295–301 (2017).

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