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Prognostic value of combined magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging and late gadolinium enhancement

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Abstract

Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and myocardial perfusion study by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) have a diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of combined myocardial perfusion CMR and LGE in patients with known or suspected CAD. We studied patients with known or suspected CAD. All patients underwent CMR for functional study, myocardial perfusion and LGE. Myocardial ischemia by CMR was defined as a perfusion defect in patients without LGE or a perfusion defect beyond the LGE area. Patients were followed up for cardiovascular outcomes including hard cardiac events (cardiac death or non-fatal myocardial infarction) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) which included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, and heart failure. There were a total of 587 men and 645 women. Average age was 64.6 ± 11.1 years. LGE was detected in 326 patients (26.5%). Myocardial ischemia by CMR was detected in 423 patients (34.3%). Average follow-up duration was 34.9 ± 15.6 months. Univariate analysis showed that age, diabetes, use of beta blocker, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular mass, wall motion abnormality, LGE, and myocardial ischemia are predictors for hard cardiac events and MACE. Multivariable analysis revealed that myocardial ischemia was the strongest predictor for hard cardiac events and MACE. Other independent predictors were age, use of beta blocker, and left ventricular mass. Myocardial ischemia by CMR has an incremental prognostic value for cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. Pairash Saiviroonporn, Ms. Supaporn Nakyen and Mr. Prajak Thanapiboonpol for their technical assistance.

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There is no conflict of interest involved in this study.

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Correspondence to Rungroj Krittayaphong.

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Krittayaphong, R., Chaithiraphan, V., Maneesai, A. et al. Prognostic value of combined magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging and late gadolinium enhancement. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 27, 705–714 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-011-9863-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-011-9863-9

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