Tobacco use cessation and weight management among motor freight workers: results of the gear up for health study
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To present the results of a study of a worksite-based intervention to promote tobacco use cessation and improve weight management among motor freight workers.
This study used a pre-test/post-test, non-randomized design to assess the effectiveness of a four-month intervention that addressed the social context of the work setting. We evaluated 7-day tobacco quit prevalence among baseline tobacco users, and successful weight management, defined as no weight gain in workers with BMI <25 at baseline and any weight loss among overweight and obese workers.
At baseline, 40% were current tobacco users, and 88% had a BMI of 25 or greater. Of 542 workers invited to participate, 227 agreed to participate and received at least the first telephone call (42%). Ten-month post-baseline, baseline tobacco users who participated in the intervention were more likely to have quit using tobacco than non-participants: 23.8% vs. 9.1% (p = 0.02). There was no significant improvement in weight management.
Incorporating work experiences and job conditions into messages of health behavior change resulted in significant tobacco use cessation among participating motor freight workers.
KeywordsCancer prevention Tobacco use cessation Weight maintenance Worksite health promotion
This work would not have been possible without the contributions of the members and leaders of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the Motor Freight Carriers Association, and the terminals participating in this study. The authors thank Elizabeth Barbeau, Elizabeth Barna, Linnea Benson, Lamont Byrd, Joshua Gagne, Kerry Kokkinogenis, Timothy Lynch, Ruth Lederman, and Michael Massagli for their contributions to this study and to the development of this manuscript.
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