Skip to main content

Leveraging “Green” Human Resource Practices to Enable Environmental and Organizational Performance: Evidence from the Qatari Oil and Gas Industry

Abstract

Despite the theoretically important role of green human resource management (HRM), relatively little research has been discovered so far about this role particularly in the Oil and Gas industry. We contribute to fill this gap by developing and testing a set of hypotheses to provide a first attempt at analyzing the antecedents and outcomes of green HRM practices in the Qatari Oil and Gas industry. Data were collected from 144 managers and analyzed using Partial least squares (PLS). The analysis shows that both top management support and internal environmental orientation positively influence green HRM, which in turn has a significant positive impact on environmental performance. The results also provide evidence for the mediating effect of green HRM on the links between both top management support and internal environmental orientation, and environmental performance. Moreover, environmental performance is found to positively influence organizational performance. The implications of these results for theory and HRM practices in the Oil and Gas industry are taken into consideration.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

Abbreviations

HRM:

Human resource management

EMS:

Environmental management system

References

  • Abdel-Maksoud, A., Kamel, H., & Elbanna, S. (2016). Investigating relationships between stakeholders’ pressure, eco-control systems and hotel performance. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 59(October), 95–104.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Abdelzaher, D. M., & Abdelzaher, A. (2017). Beyond environmental regulations: Exploring the potential of “eco-Islam” in boosting environmental ethics within SMES in Arab markets. Journal of Business Ethics, 145(2), 357–371.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • AlNaimi, H., Hossain, M., & Momin, M. (2012) Corporate social responsibility reporting in Qatar: A descriptive analysis. Social Responsibility Journal, 8(4), 511–526.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Alvarez-Gil, M. J., de Burgos-Jimenez, J., & Cespedes-Lorente, J. J. (2001). An analysis of environmental management, organisational context and performance of Spanish hotels. Omega International Journal of Management Science, 29(6), 457–471.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ambec, S. A., & Lanoie, P. (2008). Does it pay to be green? A systematic review. Academy of Management Perspectives, 22, 45–62.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aragón-Correa, J. A., Hurtado-Torres, N., Sharma, S., & García-Morales, V. (2008). Environmental strategy and performance in small firms: A resource-based perspective. Journal of Environmental Management, 86, 88–103.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Armstrong, J. S., & Overton, T. S. 1977. Estimating nonresponse bias in mail surveys. Journal of Marketing Research, 14, 396–402.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Banerjee, S. B. (2002). Corporate environmentalism. The construct and its measurement. Journal of Business Review, 55, 177–191.

    Google Scholar 

  • Banerjee, S. B., Iyer, E. S., & Kashyap, R. K. (2003). Corporate environmentalism: Antecedents and Influence of industry type. Journal of Marketing, 67, 106–122.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brio, J. A., Fernandez, E., & Junquera, B. (2007). Management and employee involvement in achieving an environmental action-based competitive advantage: An empirical study. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(4), 491–522.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brouwers, R., Schouben, F., Van Hulle, C., & Van Uytbergen, S. (2013). The link between corporate environmental performance and corporate value: A literature review. Review of Business and Economic Literature, 58(4), 343–374.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods (Third). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chan, L. L. M., Shaffer, M. A., & Snape, E. (2004). In search of sustained competitive advantage: The impact of organizational culture, competitive strategy and human resource management practices on firm performance. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 15, 17–35.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chang, K. (2015). The impacts of environmental performance and propensity disclosure on financial performance: Empirical evidence from unbalanced panel data of heavy-pollution industries in China. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 8(1), 21–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Charfeddine, L., Al-Malk, A., & Al Karbi, K. (2016). Air pollution in Qatar: Causes and challenges. White Paper, College of Business and Economics, Watar University, 1(3), 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach for structural equation modeling. In G. A. Marcoulides (Ed.), Modern methods for business research (pp. 295–236). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chinander, K. R. (2001) Aligning accountability and awareness for environmental performance in operations. Production and Operations Management, 10(3), 276–291.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Churchill, G., & Iacobucci, D. (2002). Marketing research: Methodological foundations. London: South-Western.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarkson, P. M., Li, Y., Richardson, G. D., & Vasvari, F. P. (2011). Does it really pay to be green? Determinants and consequences of proactive environmental strategies. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 30(2), 122–144.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Coral, E., Rossetto, C. R., & Selig, P. M. (2003). O Planejamento Estratégico e a Formulação de Estratégias Econômicas, Sociais e Ambientais: Uma Proposta em Busca da Sustentabilidade Empresaria. In ENANPAD, 2003, Atibaia/SP/Brasil.

  • Crotty, J., & Rodgers, P. (2012). Sustainable development in the Russia Federation: The limits of greening within industrial firms. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 19(3), 178–190.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cunningham, J. B., & Kempling, J. (2011). Promoting organizational fit in strategic HRM: Applying the HR scorecard in public service organizations. Public Personnel Management, 40(3), 193–213.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Daily, B. F., Bishop, J. W., & Steiner, R. (2007). The mediating role of EMS teamwork as it pertains to HR factors and perceived environmental performance. Journal of Applied Business Research, 23(1), 95.

    Google Scholar 

  • Daily, B. F., & Huang, S. (2001). Achieving sustainability through attention to human resource factors in environmental management. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 21, 1539–1552.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dangelico, R. M., & Pujari, D. (2010). Mainstreaming green product innovation: Why and how companies integrate environmental sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics, 95(3), 471–486.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • De Burgos-Jiménez, J., Vázquez-Brust, D., Plaza-Úbeda, J. A., & Dijkshoorn, J. (2013). Environmental protection and financial performance: An empirical analysis in Wales. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 33(8), 981–1018.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ehnert, I. (2009). Sustainable human resource management. A conceptual and exploratory analysis from a paradox perspective. Heidelberg: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Elbanna, S. (2012). Slack, planning, and organizational performance: Evidence from the Arab Middle East. European Management Review, 9(2), 99–115.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Falk, R. F., & Miller, N. B. (1992). A primer for soft modeling. Akron: The University of Akron Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fayyazia, M., Shahbazmoradib, S., Afsharc, Z., & Shahbazmoradic, M. R. (2015). Investigating the barriers of the green human resource management implementation in oil industry. Management Science Letters, 5, 101–108.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fernandez, E., Junquera, B., & Ordiz, M. (2003). Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14, 634–656.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18, 39–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fujii, H., Iwata, K., Kaneko, S., & Managi, S. (2013). Corporate environmental and economic performances of Japanese manufacturing firms: Empirical study for sustainable development. Business Strategy and the Environment, 22(3), 187–201.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gadenne, D. L., Kennedy, J., & McKeiver, C. (2009). An empirical study of environmental awareness and practices in SMEs. Journal of Business Ethics, 84(1), 45–63.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • George, R. A., Siti-Nabiha, A., Jalaludin, D., & Abdalla, Y. A. (2016). Barriers to and enablers of sustainability integration in the performance management systems of an oil and gas company. Journal of Cleaner Production, 136, 197–212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.097. [4 July 2018]. Available from.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Govindarajulu, N., & Daily, B. F. (2004). Motivating employees for environmental improvement. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 104, 364–372.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Graves, L. M., Sarkis, J., & Zhu, Q. (2013). How transformational leadership and employee motivation combine to predict employee proenvironmental behaviors in China. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 35, 81–91.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guenster, N., Bauer, R., Derwall, J., & Koedijk, K. (2011). The economic value of corporate eco efficiency. European Financial Management., 17(4), 679–704.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guerci, M., & Carollo, L. (2016). A paradox view on green human resource management: Insights from the Italian context. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 27(2), 212–238.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guerci, M., Longoni, A., & Luzzini, D. (2016). Translating stakeholder pressures into environmental performance—The mediating role of green HRM practices. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(2), 262–289.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Pieper, T. M., & Ringle, C. M. (2012). Applications of partial least squares path modeling in management journals: A review of past practices and recommendations for future applications. Long Range Planning, 45(5–6), 320–340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2012.09.008.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hart, S. L. (1995). A natural-resource-based view of the firm. Academy of Management Review, 20, 986–1014.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henri, J.-F., & Journeault, M. (2010). Eco-control: The influence of management control systems on environmental and economic performance. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 35(1), 63–80.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henriques, I., & Sadorsky, P. (1999). The relationship between environmental commitment and managerial perceptions of stakeholder importance. Academy of Management Journal, 42(1), 87–99.

    Google Scholar 

  • Henseler, J., Hubona, G., & Ray, P. (2016). Using PLS path modeling in new technology research: Updated guidelines. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 116(1), 2–20.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115–135.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henseler, J., & Sarstedt, M. (2013). Goodness-of-fit indices for partial least squares path modeling. Computational Statistics, 28(2), 565–580.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hulland, J. (1999). Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: A review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 195–204.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hunton-Clarke, L., Wehrmeyer, W., Clift, R., Mckeown, P., & King, H. (2002). Employee participation in environmental initiatives: Facilitating more environmentally conscious decision-making in innovation. Greener Management International, 40, 45–57.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Huselid, M. A. (1995). The impact of human resource management practices on turnover, productivity, and corporate financial performance. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 635–672.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ibrahim, I., & Harrigan., F. (2012) Qatar’s economy: Past, present and future. QScience Connect, 9, 1–24. https://doi.org/10.5339/connect.2012.9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J., Santos, F. C. A., & Nagano, M. S. (2010). Contributions of HRM throughout the stages of environmental management: Methodological triangulation applied to companies in Brazil. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21, 1049–1089.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J. C. (2015). Environmental training and environmental management maturity of Brazilian companies with ISO14001: Empirical evidence. Journal of Cleaner Production, 96, 331–338.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J. C., et al. (2018). There is no carnival without samba: Revealing barriers hampering biodiversity-based R&D and Eco-design in Brazil. Journal of Environmental Management, 206, 236–245.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J. C., Govindan, K., Teixeira, A., & Freitas, W. (2013). Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: The role of human resource management and lean manufacturing. Journal of Cleaner Production, 47, 129–140.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J. C., & Santos, F. C. A. (2008). Relationships between human resource dimensions and environmental management in companies: Proposal of a model. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(1), 51–58.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabbour, C. J. C., Santos, F. C. A., & Nagano, M. S. (2008). Environmental management system and human resource practices: Is there a link between them in four Brazilian companies? Journal of Cleaner Production., 16(17), 1922–1925.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jabour, C. J. C., & Jabbour, A. B. L. (2016). Green human resource management and green supply chain management: Linking two emerging agendas. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 1824–1833.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jackson, S. E., & Seo, J. (2010). The greening of strategic HRM scholarship. Organization Management Journal., 7, 278–290.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jacobs, B. W., Singhal, V. R., & Subramanian, R. (2010). An empirical investigation of environmental performance and the market value of the firm. Journal of Operations Management, 28(5), 430–441.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kaplan, R. S., & Norton, D. P. (1992). The balanced scorecard-measures that drive performance. Harvard Business Review, 70, 71–79.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kassinis, G., & Vafeas, N. (2006). Stakeholder pressures and environmental performance. Academy of Management Journal, 49(1), 145–159.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Khandwalla, P. N. (1977). The design of organisation. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

    Google Scholar 

  • Khilji, S. E., & Wang, X. (2006). ‘‘Intended’ and ‘implemented’ HRM: The missing linchpin in strategic human resource management research’. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17, 1171–1189.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lin, C. Y., & Ho, Y. H. (2011). Determinants of green practice adoption for logistics companies in China. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(1), 67–83.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Longoni, A., Luzzini, D., & Guerci, M. (2016). Deploying environmental management across functions: The relationship between green human resource management and green supply chain management. Journal of Business Ethics, 151, 1–15.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez-Gamero, M. D., Claver-Cortes, E., & Molina-Azorın, J. F. (2008). Complementary resources and capabilities for an ethical and environmental management: A qual/quan study. Journal of Business Ethics, 82(3), 701–732.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Maas, J., & Hox, J. (2005). Sufficient sample sizes for multilevel modeling. Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1, 86–92.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Magrini, A., & Lins, L. (2007). Integration between environmental management and strategic planning in the oil and gas sector. Energy Policy, 35, 4869–4878.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • May, D. R., & Flannery, B. L. (1995). Cutting waste with employee involvement teams. Business Horizons, 38, 28–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McDaniel, C., & Gates, R. (1991). Contemporary marketing research. St. Paul: West publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • McKinsey. (2014). Sustainability’s strategic worth: McKinsey Global Survey results. McKinsey report. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/sustainability/sustainabilitys_strategic_worth_mckinsey_global_survey_results.

  • Mehta, K., & Chugan, P. K. (2015). Green HRM in pursuit of environmentally sustainable business. Pursuit of environmentally sustainable business (June 1, 2015). Universal Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 3(3), 74–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miles, M., & Covin, J. (2000). Environmental marketing: A source of reputational, competitive, and financial advantage. Journal of Business Ethics, 23(3), 299–311.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. (2016, June). Qatar Economic Outlook 2016–2018. Retrieved from https://www.mdps.gov.qa/ar/Pages/default.aspx.

  • Morrow, D., & Rondinelli, D. (2002). Adopting corporate environmental management systems: motivations and results of ISO 14001 and EMAS certification. European Management Journal, 20(2), 159–171.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nair, S. R., & Ndubisi, N. O. (2015). Evaluating management’s environmental commitment and link with firm’s environmental orientation. Journal of Management Research, 15(3), 165–178.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakilat. (2016). Nakilat sustainability report 2016. Retrieved from Nakilat Company: http://www.nakilat.com.qa/Pdf/Nakilat%20Sustainability%20Report%202016.pdf.

  • Nejati, M., Rabiei, S., & Jabbour, C. J. C. (2017). Envisioning the invisible: Understanding the synergy between green human resource management and green supply chain management in manufacturing firms in Iran in light of the moderating effect of employees’ resistance to change. Journal of Cleaner Production, 168, 163–172.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nishii, L. H., & Wright, P. M. (2008). Variability within organizations. implications for strategic human resource management. In D. B. Smith, The people make the place. Dynamic linkages between individuals and organizations. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Donohue, W., & Torugsa, N. (2016). The moderating effect of ‘Green’ HRM on the association between proactive environmental management and financial performance in small firms. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(2), 239–261.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Opatha, H. H. D. N. P., & Arulrajah, A. A. (2014). Green human resource management: Simplified general reflections. International Business Research, 7(8), 101.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Paille, P., Chen, Y., & Boiral, O. (2014). The impact of human resource management on environmental performance: An employee-level study. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(3), 451–466.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS Survival Manual. Berkshire: Open University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Palmer, K., Oates, W. E., & Portney, P. R. (1995). Tightening environmental standards: The benefit-cost or the no-cost paradigm? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(4), 119–132.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Peng, D. X., & Lai, F. (2012). Using partial least squares in operations management research: A practical guideline and summary of past research. Journal of Operations Management, 30(6), 467–480.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Podsakoff, P. M., & Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: Problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12, 531–544.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879–891.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ramus, C. A., & Steger, U. (2000). The roles of supervisory support behaviors and environmental policy in employee “ecoinitiatives” at leading-edge European companies. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 605–626.

    Google Scholar 

  • Renwick, D. W., Redman, T., & Maguire, S. (2013). Green human resource management: A review and research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 15(1), 1–14.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Renwick, D. W. S., Jabbour, C. J. C., Muller-Camen, M., Redman, T., & Wilkinson, A. (2016). Contemporary developments in Green (environmental) HRM scholarship. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(1–2), 114–128.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rettab, B., Brik, A. B., & Mellahi, K. (2009). A study of management perceptions of the impact of corporate social responsibility on organisational performance in emerging economies: The case of Dubai. Journal of Business Ethics, 89(3), 371–390.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Richer, R. (2014). Sustainable development in Qatar: Challenges and opportunities. QScience Connect, 22, 1–14.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ringle, C., Sarstedt, M., Mitchell, R., & Gudergan, S. P. (2018). Partial least squares structural equation modeling in HRM research. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1416655.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sarkis, J., Gonzalez-Torre, P., & Adenso-Diaz, B. (2010). Stakeholder pressure and the adoption of environmental practices: The mediating effect of training. Journal of Operations Management, 28(2), 163–176.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schneider, J., Ghettas, S., Merdaci, N., Brown, M., Martyniuk, J., Alshehri, W., & Trojan, A. (2015). Towards sustainability in the oil and gas sector: Benchmarking of environmental, health, and safety efforts. Journal of Environmental Sustainability, 3(3), 6.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shih, H. A., Chiang, Y. H., & Hsu, C. C. (2006). Can high performance work systems really lead to better performance. International Journal of Manpower., 27(8), 741–763.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7(4), 422–445.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Silvestre, B. S., Gimenes, F. P., Silva Neto, E., R (2017). A sustainability paradox? Sustainable operations in the offshore oil and gas industry: The case of Petrobras. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 360–370.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singh, N., Jain, P., & Sharma, P. (2015). Motivations for implementing environmental management practices in Indian industries. Ecological Economics, 109, 1–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Steinbach, A. L., Holcomb, T. R., Holmes, R. M., Devers, C. E., & Cannella, A. A. (2017). Top management team incentive heterogeneity, strategic investment behavior, and performance: A contingency theory of incentive alignment. Strategic Management Journal, 38, 1701–1720.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tariq, S., Jan, F. A., & Ahmad, M. S. (2016). Green employee empowerment: A systematic literature review on state-of-art in green human resource management. Quality and Quantity, 50(1), 237–269.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Theyel, G. (2000). Management practices for environmental innovation and performance. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 20(2), 249–266.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vinogradov, S. (2009). Environmental protection in the petroleum industry. In Hydrocarbons: Economics, policies and legislations, encyclopedia of hydrocarbons (Vol. IV, pp. 507–523).

  • Wagner, M. (2013). ‘Green’ human resource benefits: Do they matter as determinants of environmental management system implementation? Journal of Business Ethics, 114(3), 443–456.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wagner, M., Van Phu, N., Azomahou, T., & Wehrmeyer, W. (2002). The relationship between the environmental and economic performance of firms: An empirical analysis of the European paper industry. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 9, 133–146.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Waxin, M. F., Knuteson, S. L., & Bartholomew, A. (2017). Drivers and challenges for implementing ISO 14001 environmental management systems in an emerging Gulf Arab country. Environmental Management, 1–12.

  • Wehrmeyer, W. (1996). Greening people (First). Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilkinson, A., Hill, M., & Gollan, P. (2001). The sustainability debate. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 12(12), 1492–1502.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wright, C., & Nyberg, D. (2017). An inconvenient truth: How organizations translate climate change into business as usual. Academy of Management Journal, 60(5), 1633–1661.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wright, S. (2017). Qatar’s LNG: Impact of changing East-Asian market. Middle East Policy, 24(1), 154–165. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-017-0958-5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zoogah, D. (2011). The dynamics of Green HRM behaviors: A cognitive social information processing approach. Zeitschrift fur Personalforschung, 25, 117–139.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank both Professor Harry Van Buren III for his editorial guidance and the two anonymous referees for their constructive feedback.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shatha M. Obeidat.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Appendix 1

Appendix 1

Model quality analysis: analysis of R² and Q²

Construct R² R² Adjusted Q²
Green HRM 0.42 0.41 0.18
Organizational performance 0.36 0.34 0.28
Environmental performance 0.53 0.50 0.19

Model quality analysis: analysis of f²

Construct Green
HRM
Organizational performance Environmental performance
Environmental orientation 0.06   0.26
Green HRM    0.31
Top management support 0.57   0.05
Environmental performance   0.09  

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Obeidat, S.M., Al Bakri, A.A. & Elbanna, S. Leveraging “Green” Human Resource Practices to Enable Environmental and Organizational Performance: Evidence from the Qatari Oil and Gas Industry. J Bus Ethics 164, 371–388 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-4075-z

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-4075-z

Keywords

  • Green HRM
  • Environmental orientation
  • Environmental performance
  • Organizational performance
  • Qatar
  • Top management support