The Predictive Effects of Workplace Ostracism on Employee Attitudes: A Job Embeddedness Perspective

  • Yijing Lyu
  • Hong ZhuEmail author
Original Paper


It has been contended that ostracism is prevalent in the workplace, and there has been increasing research interest in its potential effects. This paper extends the theoretical framework of workplace ostracism by linking it with affective commitment and intention to leave from the perspective of job embeddedness. Using time-lagged data from China, we apply job embeddedness theory to confirm that workplace ostracism decreases the cultivation of job embeddedness, which in turn undermines affective commitment and induces intention to leave. We also find that intrinsic work motivation strengthens the detrimental effects of workplace ostracism on job embeddedness such that the negative relationship is stronger when intrinsic motivation is high rather than low. We further discuss the theoretical and practical implications of our findings and offer future research directions.


Affective commitment Intention to leave Job embeddedness Intrinsic work motivation Workplace ostracism 



Funding was provided by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 1609018), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71702198).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of International Business AdministrationShanghai University of Finance and EconomicsShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Tourism ManagementSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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