Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 152, Issue 3, pp 763–781 | Cite as

Value Added as part of Sustainability Reporting: Reporting on Distributional Fairness or Obfuscation?

  • Axel Haller
  • Chris J. van StadenEmail author
  • Cristina Landis


Distributional fairness of corporate distributions is an important social issue linked to accounting for equality. Value added and the information contained in the value added statement can conceptually be regarded as a reflection of how the company is managed for all stakeholders. We investigate value added information published in sustainability reports to determine if the information provided is useful for assessing distributional fairness between stakeholders. We find that the value added information disclosed lack conciseness, comparability and understandability. The divergence is considerable and the explanations of the disclosed information so limited that the usefulness of the value added disclosures must be questioned. Our results suggest several obfuscating techniques in the disclosure of value added information, including disclosing information that is conceptually compromised, resulting in comparability issues and disclosing information that can’t be verified by reconciling back to the financial statements. Our findings have clear ethical and moral implications as they stress the societal issue of distributional fairness. It seems that companies are either reluctant to provide value added information that is useful, or deliberately use value added disclosures to obfuscate. Information reflecting distributional fairness is therefore compromised.


Distributional fairness Value added Value added statement CSR reporting EVG&D GRI 



We would like to thank participants and commentators at the Asia Pacific Interdisciplinary Research in Accounting (APIRA) conference in Kobe 2013, the Center for Social and Environmental Accounting Research Australasian (ACSEAR) conference in Hamilton 2013, the Annual European Accounting Association (EAA) conference in Talin 2014, and the International Association for Accounting Education and Research (IAAER) Conference in Florence in 2014, as well as seminar participants at Deakin University and the University of South Australia for their useful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Axel Haller
    • 1
  • Chris J. van Staden
    • 2
    Email author
  • Cristina Landis
    • 1
  1. 1.University of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of AccountingAUT UniversityAucklandNew Zealand

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