Understanding Responsible Management: Emerging Themes and Variations from European Business School Programs
- 1.3k Downloads
Our literature review reveals a call for changes in business education to encourage responsible management. The Principles for Responsible Management Education were developed in 2007 under the coordination of the United Nations Global Compact, AACSB International, and other leading academic institutions for the purpose of promoting responsible management in education. Literature review shows that responsible management as such remains undefined. This gap in literature leads potentially to an absence of clarity in research, education, and management, regarding responsible management among scholars and practitioners. The aim of this research is to develop a preliminary definition of responsible management, exploring the use of the term in literature and practice. Its objective is to define the main characteristics of responsible management aimed at creating a platform for discussion so as to help organizations clarify their own vision of responsible management. It builds on preliminary findings from literature review that responsible management remains undefined. As business school students are primary stakeholders in management education and are future management leaders, and as there have not been empirical studies to date that examine business school students’ understanding of responsible management, a qualitative study was conducted with European business school students concerning their understanding of the term. A framework summarizing perceptions of responsible management characteristics and broad approach of responsible management definition were created and used to introduce a draft theoretical platform for discussion on this topic.
KeywordsBusiness school students Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Ethics Management education Responsible management definition Soft Skills Sustainable development Management triple bottom line Principles for responsible management
Critical discourse analysis
Master of business administration
Master of social sciences
Principles for responsible management education
Corporate social responsibility
- AACSB International (Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business). (2005). The business school ranking dilemma. AACSB International: Tampa, FLGoogle Scholar
- Ackoff, R., & Greenberg, D. (2008). Turning learning right side up. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Al-Jarf, R. (2009, April 2009). Enhancing freshman students’ writing skills with a mind mapping software. Paper presented at 5th International Scientific Conference, eLearning and Software for Education, Bucharest, April 2009.Google Scholar
- Amman, W., Kerrets Makau, M., Fenton, P., Zackariasson, P., & Tripathi, S. (2012). New perspectives on management education. New Delhi: Excel Books.Google Scholar
- Asselineau, A. & Piré-Lechalard, P. (2008). Développement durable et entreprise responsable, voie pour l’innovation de rupture? Cahier de recherche Groupe ESC Clermont (pp. 8–22).Google Scholar
- Bennis, W., & O’Toole, J. (2005). How business schools lost their way. Harvard Business Review, 83(5), 96–105.Google Scholar
- Brightman, J. R. (2003, May 2003). Mapping methods for qualitative data structuring (QDS). Paper presented at the Strategies in Qualitative Research: Methodological Issues and Practices Using QSR NVivo and NUD*IST Conference, London, UK.Google Scholar
- Chesnut, M. (2010). The evolution of MBA education. Latin Trade, 18(2), 60–66.Google Scholar
- Cossette, P. (1994). Cartes cognitives et organisations. Paris: ESKA.Google Scholar
- Cowe, R. (2000). Black hole in the MBA curriculum. The Guardian. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2000/feb/19/features.jobsmoney14.
- Deloitte, (2016). The Deloitte Millennial survey 2016. Accessed March 15, 2016, from http://www2.deloitte.com/global/en/pages/about-deloitte/articles/gx-millennials-how-to-earn-millennials-loyalty.html#purpose.
- Denning, S. (2013). The management revolution that’s already happening, Forbes. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2013/05/30/the-management-revolution-thats-already-happening.
- Doh, J. P., & Stumpf, S. A. (2005). Towards a framework of responsible leadership and governance. In J. P. Doh & S. A. Stumpf (Eds.), Handbook on responsible leadership and governance in global business (pp. 3–18). Glos: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
- Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of 21st century business. Oxford: Capstone.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. (2002). When it comes to ethics, B-schools get an F. The Washington Post. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://amitaietzioni.org/documents/B399.pdf.
- European Commission. (2011). The Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions—A renewed EU strategy 2011-14 for Corporate Social Responsibility. Accessed June 30, 2015, from http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sustainable-business/files/csr/new-csr/act_en.pdf.
- Fairclough, N., & Holes, C. (1995). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. London: Longman.Google Scholar
- Fray, A.-M., & Soparnot, R. (2010). Le manager responsable. In J.-M. Perreti, F. De Bry, & J. Igalens (Eds.), Ethique et responsabilité sociale, 78 experts témoignent (Chap.15). Paris: EMS.Google Scholar
- Garten, J. E. (2005). Business schools: Only a C+ in ethics. Business Week. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_36/b3949138.htm.
- Gee, J. P. (1996). Social linguistics and literacies: Ideology in discourses (2nd ed.). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Gee, J. P. (1999). An introduction to discourse analysis: Theory and method. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Gee, J. P. (2009). Discourse analysis: What makes it critical? Accessed June 28, 2015, from http://www.jamespaulgee.com/node/11.
- Gosling, J., & Mintzberg, H. (2004). The education of practicing managers. Sloan Management Review, 45, 19–22.Google Scholar
- Hazlehurst, J. (2011). Do the rankings really help you choose an MBA? Management Today MBA & Business Education Guide Spring.Google Scholar
- Holland, K. (2009). Is it time to retain business schools? The New York Times. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/15/business/15schools.html?_r=3&ref=business.
- Jacobi, D., Boquillon, M., & Prévost, P. (1994). Les représentations spatiales de concepts scientifiques: Inventaires et diversité. Didskalia, 5, 11–24.Google Scholar
- Jeannings, M. (1999). What’s happening in business schools? The Public Interest 137 Fall. Accessed September 29, 2013, from http://www.nationalaffairs.com/public_interest/detail/whats-happening-in-business-schools.
- Kaptein, M., & Yip, G. (2011). The future of business school research: The need for dual research methodologies. In: Morsing, M., & A., Sauquet Rovira (Eds.) Business schools and their contribution to society (pp. 125–132). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Kedge Business School. (2009). Responsible Managers, valuing diversity. Retrieved from, http://www.euromed-management.com/en/RESEARCH%20%2526%20VISION/Responsible%20Managers.
- Laws, K., Mc Leod, R. (2006). Case study and grounded theory: Sharing some alternative qualitative research methodologies with systems professionals. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.systemdynamics.org/conferences/2004/SDS_2004/PAPERS/220MCLEO.pdf.
- Levinson, S. C. (2000). Presumptive meanings: The theory of generalized conversational implicature. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Lourdel, N. (2005). Méthodes Pédagogiques et Représentation de la Compréhension du Développement Durable: Application à la Formation des Elèves Ingénieurs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines de Saint Etienne and Université Jean Monnet de Saint Etienne, France.Google Scholar
- Marshall, J. (2011). Turn green from the inside. Sunday Times. Accessed June 30, 2015, from http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/public/Appointments/article792848.ece.
- Marshall, J., Coleman, G., & Reason, P. (2011). Leadership for sustainability: An action research approach. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing.Google Scholar
- Martell Sotomayor, J. (2011). Socially responsible business schools: A proposed model. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, ESADE Business School, Barcelona.Google Scholar
- Martin, R. (2011). Fixing the game: Bubbles, crashes and what capitalism can learn from the NFL. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.Google Scholar
- McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002). Cradle to cradle. New York: North Point Press.Google Scholar
- McGrath, R. G. (2013). The end of competitive advantage. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.Google Scholar
- Melé, D. (2008). Corporate social responsibility theories. In A. Crane, A. McWilliams, D. Matten, J. Moon, & D. Siegel (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of corporate social responsibility (pp. 47–82). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Mintzberg, H. (2004). Managers not MBAs: A hard look at the soft practice of managing and management development. San Francisco: Berret-Kohler.Google Scholar
- Murray, S. (2013). MBA teaching urged to move away from focus on shareholder primacy model. Financial Times. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/e392f12c-adac-11e2-82b8-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3eOfQWUOf.
- Nonet, G. (2013). Responsible management and business schools: Analysis of the schools strategy and the education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Université de Montpellier, France.Google Scholar
- O’Tool, J., & Bennis, W. (2009). What’s needed next: A culture of candor. Harvard Business Review, 87(6), 54–61.Google Scholar
- Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME). (2007). UN Principles for responsible management education. Accessed October 13, 2013, from http://www.unprme.org/the-6-principles/index.php.
- Rest, J. R. (1986). Moral development: Advances in research and theory. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Schwartz, B., & Kenneth, S. (2010). Practical wisdom: The right way to do the right thing. New York: Riverhead Books.Google Scholar
- Senge, P., Scharmer, C., Jaworski, J., & Flowers, B. (2004). Awakening faith in an alternative future: A consideration of presence: Human purpose and the field of the future. Reflections, 5(7), 1–11.Google Scholar
- Shelley, M. (2006). Empiricism. In F. W. English (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational leadership and administration (pp. 338–339). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc.Google Scholar
- Silver, S. (2012). Banking: Changed climate leads to revamped curriculums. Financial Times. Accessed June 28, 2015, from http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/29fad844-aa59-11e1-899d-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1zZvGumtI.
- Stefano, S., & Wasylyshyn, K. (2005). Integrity, courage, empathy (ICE): Three leadership essentials. Human Resource Planning, 28(4), 5–7.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. (2009). America, free markets, and the sinking of the world economy. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. (2012). The price of inequality: How today’s divided society endangers our future. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
- Thomas, K. W. (1977). Towards multi-dimensional values in teaching: The example of conflict behaviors. Academy of Management Review, 2, 484–490.Google Scholar
- Triomphe, C. (2010). Eve Chiapello: long terme de l’éducation et court-terme des entreprises. Metis, correspondances européennes du travail. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.metiseurope.eu/eve-chiapello-long-terme-de-l-education-et-court-terme-des-entreprises_fr_70_art_28696.html.
- Webber, A. M. (2009). MBA’s swearing in vain. Forbes. Accessed September 28, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/2009/06/19/mba-swear-vain-intelligent-technology-webber.html.
- Williams, C., & Aiguilera, R. (2008). Corporate social responsibility in a comparative perspective. In A. Crane, A. McWilliams, D. Matten, J. Moon, & D. S. Siegel (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of corporate social responsibility (pp. 453–472). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Wood, D. (1991). Corporate social performance revisited. Academy of Management Review, 16, 691–718.Google Scholar