Deepening Understanding of Certification Adoption and Non-Adoption of International-Supplier Ethical Standards
- 674 Downloads
This study presents a theory of causally complex configurations of antecedent conditions influencing the adoption versus non-adoption of international supplier ethical certification-standards. Using objective measures of antecedents and outcomes, a large-scale study of exporting firms in the cut-flower industry in two South American countries (Colombia and Ecuador) supports the theory. The theory includes the following and additional propositions. No single (simple)-antecedent condition is sufficient for accurately predicting a high membership score in outcome conditions; the outcome conditions include a firm’s adoption or rejection of a product certification. No single (simple)-antecedent condition is necessary for accurately predicting high scores in the outcome condition. A few complex antecedent conditions (configurations) are sufficient but the occurrence of each is not necessary for accurately predicting high scores (e.g., adoption) in an outcome condition. Causal asymmetry of antecedent conditions indicating adoption versus non-adoption of specific ethical standards occurs—that is, causal conditions leading to rejection are not the mirror opposites of causal conditions leading to adoption.
KeywordsAdoption Asymmetry Causal recipe Complex antecedent conditions Equifinality Ethical standards Product certification
- AIPH. (2009). International statistics flowers and plants. International Association of Horticultural Producers, 57. Hannover: Institut fur Entwicklungs und Agrarokonomik.Google Scholar
- Asolflores. (2008). Floricultura Colombiana: Estadísticas 2007. Bogotá: Asocolflores.Google Scholar
- Cashore, B. W., Auld, A. G., & Newsom, D. (2004). Governing through markets: Forest certification and the emergence of non-state authority. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Cooper, R. G. & Kleinschmidt, E. J. (2007). Winning businesses in product development: The critical success factors. Research-Technology Management. Retrieved December 10, 2009 from (http://www.proddev.com/downloads/working_papers/wp_6.pdf).
- Doty, D. H., & Glick, W. H. (1994). Typologies as a unique form of theory building: Toward improved understanding and modeling. Academy of Management Journal, 19, 230–251.Google Scholar
- Expoflores (2010). http://www.expoflores.com. Accessed Oct 2010.
- Gawande, A. (2009). The checklist manifesto. New York: Metropolitan Books.Google Scholar
- Gigerenzer, G. (1991). From tools to theoies: A heuristic of discovery in cognitive psychology. Psychological Review, 98, 254–267.Google Scholar
- Gladwell, M. (2010). Amazon exclusive: Malcolm Gladwell reviews the checklist manifesto. Retrieved, from http://www.amazon.com/Checklist-Manifesto-How-Things-Right/dp/0805091742/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1362928191&sr=1-1&keywords=Checklist+Manifesto.
- Hsu, S.-H., Woodside, A.G., & Marshall, R. (2013). Critical tests of multiple theories of cultures’ consequences: Comparing the usefulness of models by Hofstede, Ingelhart and Baker, Schwartz, Steenkamp as well as GDP and distance for explaining overseas tourism behavior. Journal of Travel Research, forthcoming; published online version at http://jtr.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/02/07/oo47287512475218.
- Katz, D., & Kahn, R. L. (1978). The social psychology of organizations (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- King, A. A., Lenox, M. J., & Barnett, M. (2002). Strategic responses to the reputation commons problem. In A. J. Hoffman & M. J. Ventresca (Eds.), Organizations, policy, and the natural environment: Institutional and strategic perspectives. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- King, A., Prado, A., & Rivera, J. (2011) “Industry self-regulation and environmental protection.” In A.J. Hoffman, A. and P. Bansal (pp. 640-655), The Oxford Handbook of Business and the Environment Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved, from http://faculty.tuck.dartmouth.edu/images/uploads/faculty/andrew-king/CH_6_King_Prado_Rivera_FINAL_DRAFT_15_12_2010.pdf. Accessed 17 Nov 2011.
- King, A. A., & Toffel, M. (2007). Self-regulatory institutions for solving environmental problems: Perspectives and contributions from the management literature. In M. Delmas & O. Young (Eds.), Governing the environment: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Lyon, T. L., & Maxwell, J. W. (2002). Voluntary approaches to environmental regulation: A survey. In M. Franzini & A. Nicita (Eds.), Economic institutions and environmental policy: Past, present and future. Aldershot, Hampshire, UK: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
- Malle, B. F. (2004). How the mind explains behavior: Folk explanations of meaning, and social interaction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Prado, A. (2012). Choosing among competing environmental and labor standards: An exploratory analysis of producer adoption. Working paper. New York: Stern School, New York University (firstname.lastname@example.org).Google Scholar
- Ragin, C. (2006). Turning the tables: How case-oriented research challenges variable-oriented research. Comparative Social Research, 16(1), 27–42.Google Scholar
- Reinecke, J., Manning, S., & von Hagen, O. (2012). The emergence of a standards market: Multiplicity of sustainability standards in global coffee industry. Organization Studies, 33(5/6), 789–812.Google Scholar
- Reinhardt, F. L. (2000). Down to earth: Applying business principles to environmental management. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
- Weick, K. E. (1995). Sensemaking in Organizations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Wocjik, J. (2011). There’s blood on those valentine’s day roses. People’s World. Retrieved February 11, from http://www.peoplesworld.org/there-s-blood-on-those-valentine-s-day-roses/.
- WRI 2010, Global Ecolabel Monitor: Towards transparency. (2010). World Resource Institute (WRI), Retrieved December, 15 2010 from http://www.wri.org/publication/global-ecolabel-monitor.