Based on case studies and qualitative interviews conducted with 40 stakeholders in five SMEs, or so called Anatolian tigers, in Turkey, this article has explored what collective spirituality and Turkish Islamic business ethics entail and how they shape organizational values using diverse stakeholder perspectives. The study has revealed six emergent discourses around collective spirituality and Islamic business ethics: Flying with both wings; striving to transcend egos; being devoted to each other; treating people as whole persons; upholding an ethics of compassion; and leaving a legacy for future generations. These discourses are organized around three themes of collective spirituality, respectively: Transcendence, connectedness, and virtuousness.
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Issues Probed: Themes of Collective Spirituality
Analytical Memo on General Organizational Context
Organizational mission, vision and objectives, strategic directions
Organizational culture, values and how they are related to spirituality
Organizational spiritual climate for employees
Spirituality and spiritual values of organizational founders/leaders and how these affect the organization
Analytical Memo on Collective Spirituality
Meanings attached to collective spirituality
Discourses on collective spirituality
Ways of incorporating spirituality: Innovation and best practices
Organizational guidelines/policies/attitudes related to employees’ spiritual needs
Narratives Section: Narratives of spirituality
Experiences/stories/perceptions of collective spirituality
Emotions, symbols, metaphors, and language used to describe collective spirituality
Reflective Memo A: A focus on interpersonal aspects of narratives
Characteristics of interpersonal relationships
Sense of belonging? Sense of community? Interconnectedness?
Reflective Memo B: A focus on the organizational level
What are characteristics of work contexts where positive relationships and spirituality are nurtured and flourished?
Emergent frameworks: Discourses of collective spirituality
Interviewee General Information
Age, sex, demographics; job and position
Years and experiences in the organization, career trajectory
Individual Perceptions of Spirituality
Probe into personal meanings of spirituality, attitudes toward spirituality
Participants asked to provide stories/narratives of a time when they experienced or witnessed spirituality at work. Collective aspects of narratives probed.
Perceptions of Collective Spirituality
What gives life to this organization? What gives meaning to work in this organization?
Fit between individual and organizational spiritual values
Perceptions of Organizational Values and Ethics
What are the overarching values and principles that guide people in this organization?
What are the organizing principles for nourishing spiritual well-being?
What are shared ethical and spiritual values in this organization?
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Cite this article
Karakas, F., Sarigollu, E. & Kavas, M. Discourses of Collective Spirituality and Turkish Islamic Ethics: An Inquiry into Transcendence, Connectedness, and Virtuousness in Anatolian Tigers. J Bus Ethics 129, 811–822 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2135-6
- Spirituality at work
- Anatolian tigers
- Ethical discourses